地理科学 ›› 2003, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (3): 334-340.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2003.03.334

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

可拓方法在区域易损性评判中的应用——以四川省为例

李辉霞, 陈国阶   

  1. 中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所, 四川 成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2002-03-31 修回日期:2002-08-21 出版日期:2003-05-20 发布日期:2003-05-20
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-SW-319)和国家重大基金项目(50099620)资助。

Application of Extension Method in Regional Vulnerability Evaluation and Zoning

LI Hui-Xia, CHEN Guo-Jie   

  1. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences & Ministry of Water Conservancy, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041
  • Received:2002-03-31 Revised:2002-08-21 Online:2003-05-20 Published:2003-05-20

摘要: 首先介绍了可拓方法的基本原理及其在区域易损性评判中的应用步骤,然后以四川省为例检验了其实际应用效果,探讨了可拓方法在区域易损性评判中的应用。结果表明:四川省承灾能力总体偏低,其中极高易损区和高易损区的面积比重达85.88%;并且易损性区域差异大,基本上呈连续成片分布,各区域存在的主要问题和制约因素也不同。最后指出将可拓方法应用于区域易损性评判中的思路是正确的,方法是可行的,并认为可拓方法在自然系统界线识别和自然要素空间分异等方面的研究中具有广阔的应用前景。

Abstract: Regional vulnerability evaluation and zoning is a very complex process, which involves a lot of factors. And the methods of evaluation and zoning are various. Regional economic development and frequent disasters are incompatible in some ways, and extension method is an effective tool to solve incompatible problems. So this essay probes application of extension method to regional vulnerability evaluation and zoning. First, the theory of extension method and steps of application of extension method to regional vulnerability evaluation and zoning are introduced,which includes selection of indexes, defining definition field and classical field of indexes, assignments of weight among the indexes, the first evaluation, calculation of single index correlative degree and synthetical correlative degree, and zoning according to synthetical correlative degree. Factor analysis is used to calculate the weight of indexes: factor analysis of the indexes is carried in SPSS and get the commonality of each index, then deal with the commonality with the formula: where ω is the weight of each index, Ei is the commonality of each index. Since the commonality means how much the index can stand for the factors, it is reasonable to assign the weight among indexes using this method. It is proved that economic vulnerability degree contributes the most to synthetical vulnerability degree, social vulnerability degree is the next, and ecological vulnerability degree means the least. Second, Sichuan Province is taken as an example to test its effect of the application,results show that the area with highest and higher synthetical vulnerability degree takes up 85.88%, from which we can get the conclusion that vulnerability degree of Sichuan Province is high as a whole; in addition, synthetical correlative degree and single index correlative degree show that synthetical vulnerability degree and key restrictive factors differentiate a lot among regions, which means different measures should be taken according to different key restrictive factors.Zoning results show that Chengdu, Panzhihua and Deyang belong to the most slight degree, Zigong belongs to slight degree, Mianyang, Neijiang, Guang'an and Meishan belong to middle degree, Luzhou, Suining, Leshan, Nanchong, Yibing, Dazhou, Bazhong and Ziyang belong to severe degree, Guangyuan, Ya'an, Aba, Ganzi and Liangshan belong to the most severe degree. Last, a conclusion is given that application of extension method to regional vulnerability evaluation is practical, but one disadvantage of this method should be pointed out that Kj(vi) is the distance between vi and (a0i,b0i), which makes it more difficult to compare the regions belong to the same degree. But with the development of calculating method of correlative degree, extension method will supply vast vistas on researches of natural border identification and natural elements zoning.

中图分类号: 

  • X43