地理科学 ›› 2005, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (3): 268-273.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2005.03.268

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

近年来新疆城镇空间集聚变化研究

杜宏茹1,2, 张小雷1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830011;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2004-06-23 修回日期:2004-08-27 出版日期:2005-05-20 发布日期:2005-05-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(40371041)资助。

A Study on Urban Spatial Agglomeration in Xinjiang in Recent Years

DU Hong-Ru1,2, ZHANG Xiao-Lei1   

  1. 1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy Sciences, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011;
    2. Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources, Chinese Academy Sciences, Beijing, 100101
  • Received:2004-06-23 Revised:2004-08-27 Online:2005-05-20 Published:2005-05-20

摘要: 传统绿洲城镇的显著特点之一为相对孤立,封闭性强。但改革开放以来绿洲城镇的快速发展使集聚能力显著增强,相互作用日益密切。1990~2002年新疆87个城镇集聚能力的度量及其评析表明,新疆城镇集聚能力呈现进一步极化的趋势,中心城市的集聚功能突现,城市经济区实体开始形成,而处于中心城市集聚阴影区的城镇集聚能力相对弱化,并且表现出明显的南北疆地域差异。新疆城镇的集聚变化受绿洲扩展、资源开发和政治因素的深刻影响,集聚发展态势为今后新疆城镇化道路和城镇体系变化提供了有益的启示。

Abstract: One of prominent features of traditional oasis cities is remote and closed from each other. After reforming and opening, the rapid regional development and improvement of transportation promotes that urban agglomeration capability of oasis cities amplified obviously and contact with each other strengthened widely. The measurement on urban agglomeration indexes of 87 cities and towns in Xinjiang in the period of 1990-2002 is based on the synthesis of four aspects, which are population growth, economic development, urban construction speed and melioration of dweller's living. The results of analysis can draw four conclusions: 1) the polarization of urban agglomeration index shows that the gap of urban agglomeration capability among Xinjiang cities and towns is more widened in the past 12 years; 2) central cities, such as Urumqi, Karamay, Korla and Kashgar, are bulging their agglomeration functions rapidly and seven urban economic regions are forming; 3) the aggregation force of cities and towns which located in agglomeration shadow area of central cities has reduced, including the exurb of largest city, Urumqi, and outskirts of middle-size cities, such as Shihezi, Yining and Kashgar; 4) there are apparent spatial differences between northern and southern Xinjiang. The polarization of agglomeration capability of the northern Xinjiang is stronger than that of the southern Xinjiang. Three factors deeply effect the change of urban agglomeration capability in Xinjiang, which are the enlargement of oasis, exploitation of petroleum resources and adoption of policies. The trend of urban agglomeration development can give some illustrations to urbanization and urban system in Xinjiang. Central cities should be the leading actor in the urbanization of Xinjiang and some urban clusters can be form in the near future, which are represented by Urumqi Metropolitan area and urban region composed by Kuitun, Wusu and Dushanzi. Specialization and diversification will become the features of cities functions and the special layout will make for the integer advantage of urban system of Xinjiang. The developing model in the northtern Xinjiang is urban and rural incorporation and the model in the southtern Xinjiang is regionally drived by central cities and rapid-growing axis.

中图分类号: 

  • F291