地理科学 ›› 2006, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 13-19.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2006.01.13

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

R&D投入的区位模式与区域经济发展

姜怀宇1, 李铁立2   

  1. 1. 东北师范大学城市与环境学院, 吉林 长春130024;
    2. 广东外语外贸大学国际经济贸易学院, 广东 广州 510420
  • 收稿日期:2004-12-13 修回日期:2005-04-16 出版日期:2006-01-20 发布日期:2006-01-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40371040)。

Locational Patterns of Investment on R&D and Regional Economic Development

JIANG Huai-Yu1, LI Tie-Li2   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Jinlin, Changchun, 130024;
    2. College of International Economic and Trade, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangdong, Guangzhou, 510420
  • Received:2004-12-13 Revised:2005-04-16 Online:2006-01-20 Published:2006-01-20

摘要: 基于对中国R&D投入的区位模式的实证检验,从投入—产出绩效的角度认为集中投入的区位模式具有较强的适宜性。利用聚类分析技术,按照R&D的投入强度和及其对经济的带动效应、科技化效应、产业化效应将中国各省区划分为6类地区,具有代表性的是科技化模式和产业化模式。其中前者适合于技术存量较高的少数地区,而后者具有较强的借鉴意义。

Abstract: There are two locational patterns of R&D's investment.One is concentrating and the other is dispersing spatially. The Schumpeterian strand of the endogenous growth approach has highlighted the advantages of spatially concentrating the R&D effort in a few areas, in order to maximize external economies and technological spillovers. Innovation is then expected to spill over from these technologically advanced areas to neighboring regions. The neoclassical view, in contrast, considers that decreasing returns means investment in core areas is less effective than that in peripheries. Based on the empirical test of the locational patterns of R&D's investment in China, from the point of investment and effect of output, we find that it has more advantages of spatially concentrating R&D's investment in technologically advanced areas. From the views of the intensity of R&D's investment, and the promoting effect on economic development, scientific research, industrialization, there have six types of areas which are distinct from each others. In the six types of areas, there are the scientific pattern which are often belong to few technologically advanced areas, and the industrial pattern which can use for reference to technologically lagging areas. At last, the comparison and analysis of the gaps of technologically lagging areas have been conducted.

中图分类号: 

  • F119.9