地理科学 ›› 2011, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (1): 61-67.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.01.61

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

高速公路对城市群结构演变的影响研究——以山东半岛城市群为例

王成新1, 王格芳2, 刘瑞超1, 王明苹1, 李新华1, 姚士谋3   

  1. 1. 山东师范大学人口·资源与环境学院, 山东 济南 250014;
    2. 中共山东省委党校, 山东 济南 250021;
    3. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 江苏 南京 210008
  • 收稿日期:2010-03-10 修回日期:2010-09-29 出版日期:2011-01-20 发布日期:2011-01-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40771060)和山东省高校人文社会科学研究计划项目(J09WH02)资助。

The Impact of Highway on the Structure Evolution of Urban Agglomeration—A Case of Urban Aglomeration of Shandong Peninsula

WANG Cheng-xin1, WANG Ge-fang2, LIU Rui-chao1, WANG Ming-ping1, LI Xin-hua1, YAO Shi-mou3   

  1. 1. College of Population Resource and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, Shandong 250014, China;
    2. Shandong Party Institute of the the Communist Party of China, Jinan, Shandong 250021, China;
    3. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008, China
  • Received:2010-03-10 Revised:2010-09-29 Online:2011-01-20 Published:2011-01-20

摘要: 交通是区域发展的动脉,也是城市群形成演变的基本前提。在中国高速公路从线到网的发展进程中,对城市群空间结构演化产生着日益深刻而长远的影响。以山东半岛城市群为例,定性与定量相结合,从城市群体系结构、空间结构和职能结构3个层面剖析了高速公路对城市群的影响。高速公路促使城市群体系结构不断演化,它促使形成了城市空间扩张的新模式——合并重组;高速公路推动城市群空间布局的合理化,由于有效缩短了各城市间的时间距离,城市群内的相互影响更为深刻;城市流强度大大增强,城市之间的空间引力增大,由此产生的袭夺效应不仅导致了城市之间控制边界的不断变化,而且提升了城市群的空间紧凑度。高速公路同时成为城市群职能结构转化的快速通道,在大城市产业更替、腾笼换业的过程中,依托高速公路这条快速通道,产业资本的选择余地更大、范围更广,各城市间的资金流、物质流、人流联系日益加强,山东半岛城市群逐步融合为一个有机的系统整体。

Abstract: Transportation is just like the artery for regional development, it is also the basic fundation for the development of agglomeration. As the modern transportation, highway network in China generates an increasingly profound and long-term effect to the evolution of spatial structure of urban agglomeration. Taking urban agglomeration of Shandong Peninsula as an example, combining of qualitative and quantitative analysis, the impact of highway on urban agglomeration is strudied, including the urban agglomeration architecture, spatial structure and functions of the structure. Highway promotes the evolution of urban agglomeration system structure, and leads to the formation of a new model of urban spatial expansion named the merger and reorganization. By reducing the time distance among various cities, highway also promotes the rationalization of space layout in urban agglomerations which makes the mutual influence in urban agglomeration more profound. Because the intensity of the urban flow is greatly strengthened and the gravitation among cities increases, the space deprive effect aroused by that makes the constant change of the control border among the cities. Lastly, highway is becoming the important factor for the change of functional structure of urban cluster. In period of industrialization, the flow of fund, people and material is becoming increasingly strengthened by the quick channel of highway, and then urban agglomeration of Shandong Peninsula is gradually integrated into an organic system as a whole.

中图分类号: 

  • K901