地理科学 ›› 2011, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (1): 87-94.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.01.87

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

吉林省近300年来聚落格局演变

曾早早1,2, 方修琦2, 叶瑜2   

  1. 1. 北京教育学院数理学院生化环境系, 北京 100044;
    2. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2010-05-20 修回日期:2010-06-14 出版日期:2011-01-20 发布日期:2011-01-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40571165, 40901099)资助。

The Pattern Evoluation of Settlements in Jilin Province Over the Past 300 Years

ZENG Zao-zao1,2, FANG Xiu-qi2, YE Yu2   

  1. 1. Faculty of Teacher Training in Math and Science, Beijing Institute of Education, Beijing 100044, China;
    2. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2010-05-20 Revised:2010-06-14 Online:2011-01-20 Published:2011-01-20

摘要: 聚落格局演变过程研究对探讨过去土地利用变化中人类与环境之间的关系有着重要的作用。以吉林省为研究区域,利用地名志资料建立吉林省聚落地名数据库,复原了吉林省近300 a来聚落格局的演变历程。结果表明,近300 a以来吉林省的聚落增长在时间上可识别出4个阶段,分别为缓慢增长(1644~1735年)、增长加速(1736~1820年)、高速增长(1821~1949年)和增长放缓(1950~1990年)阶段,在空间上中部平原和丘陵台地地区在各时期都为聚落密度最大的区域,并且呈现出从中部的平原和丘陵台地向西部的平原和东部的山地扩散的过程。影响聚落格局演变的主要因素可能与吉林省的自然地理条件、移民、驻防、以及政府所施行的政策等等相关。

Abstract: As one of land use types, settlements, whose growth in new cultivated area can reflect the processes of migration, land cultivation and landscape change driven by human activities, and can be a useful source for studying the relationship between human and environment in the past. Based on the toponymy records, the settlement database of Jilin Province has been established, and temporal and spatial changes of settlements in Jilin Province over the past 300 years have been reconstructed in the paper. The results show that the increase of number of settlements occurred in the past 300 years can be recognized into four phases which were slow growth (1644-1735), accelerated growth (1736-1820), high-speed-growth (1821-1949) and slowdown-growth (1950-1990). The expansion of settlements had a process from central plains and tablelands to the western plains and eastern mountains, and the counties which had largest settlement density in every period had located in the central plains and tablelands. Growth of the settlements may be influenced by natural environmental condition, mitigation, garrison, land policy and some other political behaviors made by the government.

中图分类号: 

  • K901.8