地理科学 ›› 2011, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (3): 272-279.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.03.272

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

转型期中国城市公共服务设施供给模式及其形成机制研究

周春山1, 高军波2   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院, 广东 广州 501275;
    2. 信阳师范学院城市与环境科学系, 河南 信阳 464000
  • 收稿日期:2010-10-20 修回日期:2011-01-21 出版日期:2011-03-20 发布日期:2011-03-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40971097)、教育部人文社科青年基金项目(10YJC840036);信阳师范学院博士科研启动基金项目资助。

Provision Pattern of Urban Public Service Facilities and its Formation Mechanism During Transitional China

ZHOU Chun-Shan1, GAO Jun-Bo2   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275, China;
    2. Department of Urban and Environment Science, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, Henan 464000, China
  • Received:2010-10-20 Revised:2011-01-21 Online:2011-03-20 Published:2011-03-20

摘要: 城市公共服务设施供给模式与社会经济背景紧密相关,改革开放以来,社会经济体制转型促使我国城市公共服务设施供给模式发生变革,其供给主体结构由计划经济时期的单一化政府垄断转向政府公共部门、市场企业组织及社会非营利组织多元参与;在供给主体的制度设计上,供给决策由政治主导转向利益驱动,生产与提供机制由一体化转向垂直分离,垂直层级式管理机制也逐步转型为政府主导下的全方位监督。多元化供给主体及多样化机制组合驱动城市公共服务设施供给模式综合变革,是转型期制度政策因素、市场因素和社会因素共同作用的结果,体现出结构—能动性互动机制。

Abstract: The provision pattern of urban public service facilities are closely related to social and economic development environment. The provision pattern of urban public service facilities has changed radically because of the economic and social comprehensive transition since the reforming and opening up. The provision supplier has also changed from single government monopoly in the planned economy era to the multi-participation of government public sectors, the business organization, and social non-profit organization. Under the condition, six types of provision supplier modes appear: government-government (G-G), market-market (M-M), society-society (S-S), government-market (G-M), government-society (G-S) and market-government (M-G). During the system design of provision supplier, the supply decision-making changed from political movement leading to interest-orientated one and the production and supply mechanism changed from integration to vertical separation. The vertical management mechanism gradually transformed to comprehensive monitoring mechanism. The multi-provision suppliers and mechanisms drive together the comprehensive transformation of supply pattern of urban public service facilities. The results are the co-action of institution polices, market polices and social policies, which reflect the interaction mechanism of structure and agency formation.

中图分类号: 

  • K928.5