地理科学 ›› 2011, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 528-536.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.05.528

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国旅游经济区域差异的空间分析

汪德根1,2,3, 陈田1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049;
    3. 苏州大学旅游系, 江苏 苏州 215021
  • 收稿日期:2010-08-18 修回日期:2011-03-17 出版日期:2011-05-20 发布日期:2011-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 陈 田,研究员。E-mail: chent@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:chent@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学项目(10YJC790245),国家自然科学基金项目(40901069)资助。

Spatial Analysis for Regional Difference of Tourism Economy in China

WANG De-Gen1,2,3, CHEN Tian1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. The Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Tourism Department of Suzhou University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215021, China
  • Received:2010-08-18 Revised:2011-03-17 Online:2011-05-20 Published:2011-05-20

摘要: 利用二阶段嵌套泰尔系数分解方法,揭示2000~2008年中国入境旅游经济和国内旅游经济区域发展的省内地(市)间差异、省间差异、地带差异变化特征及其对全国总体差异的贡献率,并以省内地(市)间差异为视角,分析中国旅游经济区域差异的空间格局。研究结果表明:① 中国入境旅游和国内旅游的总体差异呈缩小趋势,且国内旅游的区域差异明显小于入境旅游的区域差异。② 省内差异对全国旅游经济总体差异变化的影响比地带间差异和省间差异对其影响更为显著,已成为全国旅游经济总体差异的重要构成部分;东部地带省间差异明显,对总体差异影响显著,而中西部各省份间旅游业发展相对均衡。③ 东部地带部分旅游业发达省份的省内差异明显,对总体差异的贡献率较高;中西部地带省内差异明显的省份较多,旅游发展空间格局表现为"双核"模式或"单核"模式,但因中西部省份的旅游经济占全国的比重普遍较低,因此中西部省内差异对全国整体差异的贡献率并不高。④ 相关分析得出,旅游资源禀赋、交通可达性、经济发展水平是影响中国旅游经济区域差异空间格局的主要因素。

Abstract: Using the method of two-stage nested Theil coefficient decomposition, this paper reveals the change features and contribution rate of overall regional inequality of the between-region, between-province and within-province inequality based on both inbound tourism economy and domestic tourism economy, and analyzes the spatial pattern for regional difference of tourism economic according to the within-province inequality from 2000 to 2008. The results are as following: 1) The overall regional difference between inbound tourism economy and domestic tourism economy in China tends to be narrow, and the regional difference of domestic tourism is less than that of inbound tourism. 2) Within-province inequality is more obvious than that of between-region and between-province inequality, and it plays an important role in the overall regional difference of tourism economy in China. The between-province inequality in the eastern region is obvious; however the tourism is relatively balanced in central and western provinces. 3) The within-province inequality in the eastern region is more obvious and has a high contribution rate to overall regional inequality; however, in the central and western regions, the situation is relatively different. The within-province inequality is obvious in some provinces, and the spatial patterns of tourism development are "double-center" model or "single-center" model, but the contribution rate of overall regional inequality of the within-province inequality is low, because of its smaller proportion of the tourism economics in the whole country. Resources endowment, transportation and economic development are the important factors related to regional difference of tourism economic in China by correlation analysis.

中图分类号: 

  • F590