地理科学 ›› 2011, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 537-543.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.05.537

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

高速铁路对河南沿线城市可达性及经济联系的影响

孟德友, 陆玉麒   

  1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 江苏 南京 210046
  • 收稿日期:2010-08-08 修回日期:2011-03-31 出版日期:2011-05-20 发布日期:2011-05-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40771075)资助。

Impact of High-speed Railway on Accessibility and Economic Linkage of Cities along the Railway in Henan Province, China

MENG De-You, LU Yu-Qi   

  1. College of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210046, China
  • Received:2010-08-08 Revised:2011-03-31 Online:2011-05-20 Published:2011-05-20

摘要: 高速铁路建设对沿线地区最直接的影响就是缩短地区间的时空距离,提升地区间的交通可达性水平,进而促进地区间社会经济联系和空间相互作用强度。从可达性和空间经济联系两方面探讨徐兰、京广客运专线建设前后河南省12个沿线地市的省内可达性和空间经济联系的变化状况,以及全国"四纵四横"高速铁路网络的构建对河南沿线城市的省际可达性和空间经济联系的影响。通过对河南省高速铁路沿线城市的省内和省际可达性及经济联系的对比分析,从客观上论证了高速铁路建设的重要性和必要性,也有利于廓清各地市经济发展的空间导向,有利于协调省内地区间和省际地区间的经济联系与合作,为区域空间发展战略的制定提供参考。

Abstract: As a new convenient and faster transportation mode, the high-speed railway (HSR) construction and operation will make great impacts on the transportation condition, economic growth and human being’s working and living conditions in areas along the railway. The accessibility level will be promoted and the socio-economic linkage will be strengthened which are the most basic and direct impacts of HSR. Taking Henan as an example, the evolution of accessibility and spatial economic linkage among the 12 cities along the railway are probed before and behind the construction of HSR. The impact of "four vertical and four horizontal" HSR network all through the country on the inter-provincial accessibility and economic linkage of cities along the rail in Henan are also analyzed deeply. Results show that: 1) the travel time among cities along the rail will be greatly reduced under the construction of HSR from Xuzhou to Lanzhou and from Beijing to Guangzhou, and the economic region within 2 h will be formed basically. The pattern of "one vertical and one horizontal HSRs" constitutes the main channel of economic linkage, and the main directions of economic linage among cities in Henan will be formed along the railway. The marginalized condition of border cities along the railway will be reversed and the location disadvantage will be improved by the promotion of accessibility among the cities along the railway in Henan. 2) The interprovincial accessibility will have been improved under the network of "four vertical and four horizontal HSRs", and the quantity of inter-provincial economic linkage of cities mainly concentrates on the Changjiang River Delta, South China and the Bohai Sea Ring. The intensity of inter-provincial economic linkage is still very low among the cities along the railway and northeastern, northwestern and southwestern China, and the main linkage axis has not been formed. With the comparison of internal and external provincial accessibility and strength of economic linkage before and behind the completion of high-speed railway network, the necessity and significance of HSR are objectively demonstrated. The spatial orientation of regional economic development is identified clearly which is not only in favor of coordinating the contact and cooperation within zones or inter-zones, but also in favor of providing some references for the generation of regional development strategies.

中图分类号: 

  • TU984