地理科学 ›› 2011, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 544-550.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.05.544

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

东北地区经济增长效率及其时空分异研究

杨威1,2,3, 金凤君1,2, 王成金1,2, 丁金学1,2,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展 分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京100101;
    3. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2010-08-28 修回日期:2011-03-27 出版日期:2011-05-20 发布日期:2011-05-20
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学重点基金(40635026),中国博士后科学基金(200902133)资助。

Efficiency of Economic Growth and Its Spatial and Temporal Pattern in Northeast China

YANG Wei1,2,3, JIN Feng-Jun1,2, WANG Cheng-Jin1,2, DING Jin-Xue1,2,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2010-08-28 Revised:2011-03-27 Online:2011-05-20 Published:2011-05-20

摘要: 以1987~2008年东北地区市域面板数据为基础,通过对数型柯布-道格拉斯的随机前沿分析,对东北地区经济发展效率及其空间分异进行了研究。结果显示:东北地区平均经济增长效率偏低,经济增长主要依靠资本等要素驱动,技术贡献率较低,属粗放型经济增长模式。1987~2008年,平均经济增长技术效率不同,但相差不大;总体来看,1987~2000年呈上升趋势,从1987年的0.525增加到2000年的0.659;2001年以来,呈下降趋势,从2001年的0.620降低到2008年的0.474。1987~1990年、"八五"、"九五"、"十五"和2006~2008年等不同历史时期下,经济增长效率空间差异不同,1987~1990年,空间差异不显著,其它时期差异都显著,尤以"九五"时期最为显著;总之,大城市经济增长技术效率值较大,中等城市次之,小城市最小。对外开放水平、产业结构和人力资本等因素对经济增长效率具有促进作用,但政府一般预算支出对其具有一定的抑制作用。

Abstract: This paper uses a panel data set of 36 cities over the period of 1987-2008 and chooses the stochastic production frontier function on Cobb-Douglas production function to investigate the efficiency of economic growth in Northeast China. Then the temporal and spatial pattern of efficiency of economic growth is examined. The study shows that the average efficiency of economic growth has been low in Northeast China. The contribution of technical progress is rather low while the contribution of capital is high, so its development belongs to extensive economic growth pattern. Overall, the contribution of technical progress rose from 0.525 in 1987 to 0.659 in 2000, while it declined from 0.620 in 2001 to 0.474 in 2008. The spatial pattern of efficiency of economic growth is different in the different historical period. The difference in spatial pattern was not significant in 1987-1990, while it was significant during the Eighth Five-Year Plan Period (1991-1995), the Ninth Five-Year Plan Period (1996-2000), the Tenth Five-Year Plan Period (2001-2005) and the Early Eleventh Five-Year Plan Period (2006-2008), especially most in the Ninth Five-Year Plan Period (1996-2000). On the whole, the value of efficiency is high in large cities, medium in moderate cities and low in small cities. These factors have an important promoting effect on the efficiency of economic growth such as level of opening to the outside world, industrial structure and human capital, while government action causes the inhibition of the efficiency.

中图分类号: 

  • F127