地理科学 ›› 2011, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 570-575.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.05.570

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

油田开发的生态经济补偿核算方法研究—基于吉林省乾安大情字井油田的实证研究

孙世军, 严晓飞, 崔朋, 冯江   

  1. 东北师范大学城市与环境科学学院, 吉林 长春 130024
  • 收稿日期:2010-10-10 修回日期:2011-04-01 出版日期:2011-05-20 发布日期:2011-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 冯 江,教授。E-mail: fengj@nenu.edu.cn E-mail:fengj@nenu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    973国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2009CB426305),吉林省科技厅科技项目(20090561)资助。

Ecological Economic Compensation Method of Petroleum Resource Exploitation: With A Special Reference To Qian’an Daqingzi Oil Well

SUN Shi-Jun, YAN Xiao-Fei, CUI Peng, FENG Jiang   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024, China
  • Received:2010-10-10 Revised:2011-04-01 Online:2011-05-20 Published:2011-05-20

摘要: 油田生态经济补偿机制的建立,是缓解油田开发与生态环境之间矛盾的重要途径之一。基于机会成本法等方法,引入经济学理论中的经济系数,建立油田生态经济补偿模型。以吉林省乾安大情字井油田为例,地区生态经济补偿应为182.95元/t,占石油价格的4.8%,反映该地区油田开发外部不经济的成本,属于油田开发单位可接受范围,同时基本可以达到当地居民、政府满意的程度。通过与其他成熟模型的对比验证,油田生态经济补偿模型应用灵活,补偿费用科学合理。

Abstract: The establishment of ecological and economic compensation mechanism of oilfield is to ease the contradiction between oilfield development and the ecological environment. Nowadays,the research on ecological compensation is the hot field. The ecological and economic compensation is an important topic. The paper took the petroleum resources as the research subject, and tried to take the research on charge policy of petroleum resources for ecological and economic compensation as the breakpoint, and then established ecological and economic compensation mechanism far-reaching in such field. The study area is Qian’an Daqingzi oil well, a representative petroleum resources region located at Jilin. Based on the data collected in the investigation,the paper estimated the eco-compensation standards that were suitable to the study areas. Based on opportunity cost, and economic theory, authors established the ecological and economic compensation model. The ecological and economic compensations are calculated, which should be 182.95 yuan(RMB)/t, accounting for 4.8% of oil prices. It can reflect the external economic cost of oilfield development in the region, which is acceptable in oilfield development, and it can almost meet the satisfaction of the local residents and the government. By comparison with other mature models, the model is flexible, scientific and reasonable compensation. In view of the systemic research on charge policy of ecological compensation in petroleum resources,this paper could provide us with some references in establishing the eco-compensation mechanism in mineral resources field.

中图分类号: 

  • X37