地理科学 ›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 162-168.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2012.02.162

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基于高端时尚消费品销售空间的中国城市控制力结构研究

韦江绿1(), 罗震东2   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,江苏 南京 210093
    2. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,江苏 南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2011-05-17 修回日期:2011-11-14 出版日期:2012-02-20 发布日期:2012-02-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:韦江绿(1986-),广西都安人,博士研究生,主要研究方向:区域规划与区域空间发展战略。E-mail:weijianglv@gmail.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(NO.40901082)和中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(1117090201)资助

Power of Cities in China Based on Analysis on Spatial Patten of Advanced Fashion Goods Sales

Jiang-lu WEI1(), Zhen-dong LUO2   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093, China
    2. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093,China
  • Received:2011-05-17 Revised:2011-11-14 Online:2012-02-20 Published:2012-02-20

摘要:

自“世界城市”和“全球城市”研究开始,在对城市控制力的相关研究中,除了传统的人口、经济等属性数据外,研究对象高度集中于生产性的工作空间,即制造业企业和高端生产服务业企业。但卡斯特对其流动空间的理论阐述中明确表述了商务人士除工作地点以外的以高端消费者服务业为代表的消费性空间也应纳入流动空间的控制层-商务精英层之中的观点。因此,在对城市控制力结构的研究中,高端消费者服务业可以成为制造业企业和高端生产者服务业的一个有效的补充。从高端消费者服务业视角出发,通过对高端时尚消费品销售网络空间分布的研究,在多个层面对中国城市的高端生活服务控制力中心结构进行解析。通过研究得到以下主要结论: ① 城市控制力中心在中国国土范围内呈现菱形结构,从东部直接跳跃至西部,中部呈现为低洼地带;②三大城市群内部的城市控制力多中心结构开始显现,其中长三角地区的发育较为明显; ③ 西部和东北仍呈现单中心据点发育格局。

关键词: 城市控制力, 高端消费者服务业, 高端时尚消费品, 空间分布, 多中心结构

Abstract:

As attribute data of population and economy, the productive working space—companies in advanced consumer service industry and manufacturing industry has always been treated as one of the main index for measuring power of cities since Friedmann′s 'World Cities Hypothesis' and Sassen′s researches on ‘Global Cities’. But as the material basis of ‘Space of Flows’ on the tertiary level, an approval of spaces of consuming—the advanced consumer service industry is an equivalent to the advanced producer service industry, which could be found in Castells’ theory of the Network Society. Hence, in the paper the advanced consumer service industry, which is treated as a supplementary index in addition to the productive working space in the analysis of structure of urban energy level. Based on this understanding, the study attempt to analyze features of the polycentric structure of central cities of consumption function in China from an advanced consumer service industry perspective, picking spatial patten of advanced fashion goods sales distribution as object of the study. Based on data including location of 280 stores of 11 brands, the analysis in the paper is divided into 3 levels: First, the analysis on the general feature of spatial patterns of the layout of cities located by relevant brands; Second, the analysis on the acceptance degree of the power of cities located by relevant brands by the market; Third, the analysis on locating preference degree and capacity of market of cities located by relevant brands. After these 3-level's analyses, the paper classifies all cities located by relevant brands according to 3 factors, including acceptance degree of power of cities by the market, locating preference degree and capacity of market of cities. The conclusions are as follows: 1)The centres of powerful cities show a rhombus structure in China, the belts of concentrated consumption could be found in the eastern and western area of China, excluded the central area. 2) Polycentric structure of the three greatest metropolitan areas—the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the Changjiang River Delta and the Zhujiang River Delta—is clearly manifested, with the Delta playing the leading role. 3) The spatial pattern of western and North-eastern China is more single-central than polycentral, and the results of analyses in the paper do not find agglomerating trends of power in these areas.

Key words: power of cities, advanced consumer service industry, advanced fashion goods, spatial distribution, polycentric structure

中图分类号: 

  • K902