地理科学 ›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (3): 322-328.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2012.03.322

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国外高速铁路对旅游影响研究及启示

汪德根1,2,3(), 陈田1(), 李立3, 章鋆3   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
    3.苏州大学旅游系,江苏 苏州 215021
  • 收稿日期:2011-05-04 修回日期:2011-12-12 出版日期:2012-03-25 发布日期:2012-03-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介: 汪德根(1973-),男,安徽黄山人,副教授,硕士生导师,博士研究生,主要从事高铁旅游研究。E-mail: wdg713@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(10YJC790245)资助

Enlightenment and Research of Tourism Impact on High-speed Rail

De-gen WANG1,2,3(), Tian CHEN1(), Li LI3, Yun ZHANG3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China
    2.The Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, 100049, China
    3. Tourism Department of Suzhou University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215021, China
  • Received:2011-05-04 Revised:2011-12-12 Online:2012-03-25 Published:2012-03-25

摘要:

交通是旅游系统的重要组成部分,是旅游发展不可或缺的先决条件,每一次交通运输方式的革命性突破都深刻地影响着旅游发展。作为当今世界“交通革命”重要推动力-高速铁路已在全世界普遍发展起来。在对所能获得的国外有关高铁旅游研究的代表性成果进行分析的基础上,从高铁对其他旅游交通系统、旅行方式、旅行时间、区域旅游收益、目的地旅游要素结构、目的地旅游空间结构的影响等方面进行了深入系统地分析。结果表明,国外对高铁旅游研究的关注度高,研究领域广,注重定量分析和实证研究,为中国高铁旅游研究提供了非常有价值的借鉴和范式。加强高铁旅游的理论和实证研究,有利于更客观地预测和评价高铁对旅游的影响,为高铁网络化时代旅游可持续发展提供科学依据。

关键词: 高速铁路, 旅游, 交通

Abstract:

Transportation is one of the essential elements in tourism system and the precondition of tourism development. Therefore, a revolutionary mode of transport will have a profound impact on tourism. The high-speed railway (HSR), as the impetus of transportation innovation, has been expanded thought out the world. Based on the analysis on all the useful English documents, this article analyzes the impacts of HSR on other transport modes, travel modes, traveling time, regional tourism revenue, structure of tourism elements in destination and special tourism structure in destination. The conclusions can be arrived that: 1) the overseas researches attaching great importance to the tourism impact of HSR, and relevant researches are rich. 2) The overseas researches involve extensive fields, such as the impacts of HSR to other transport modes, travel modes, traveling time, and regional tourism revenue, structure of tourism elements in destination and special tourism structure in destination. 3) The overseas researches use quantitative and empirical analysis to study the impact of HSR to traveling time and travel modes. Based on the spatial region structure theory and system theory, such as “core-edge” theory, the overseas researches analyze the impact of HSR to special tourism structure by mode construction and mathematical statistics. The domestic researches about HSR are comparatively rare and narrow in China. They mostly focusd on the descriptive study but not quantitative research, and stay on the assumption level. So the empirical research is relatively less. Therefore, the overseas researches on HSR provide a valuable reference and paradigm for us. To strengthen the theoretical and practical research about the high-speed railway tourism can help predict and assess the tourism impacts of high-speed railway objectively, which affords the scientific foundation for the tourism sustainable development in the era of high-speed railway network.

Key words: high-speed railway, tourism, transportation

中图分类号: 

  • F590