地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (10): 1231-1237.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.010.1231

• • 上一篇    下一篇

吉林省城市化水平综合测度及时空演变

臧锐1(), 张鹏2, 杨青山1(), 李林山2, 张栩嘉3   

  1. 1.东北师范大学地理科学学院,吉林 长春 130024
    2.中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所,吉林 长春 130102
    3.哈尔滨师范大学地理科学学院,黑龙江 哈尔滨 150025
  • 收稿日期:2012-12-25 修回日期:2013-03-07 出版日期:2013-10-20 发布日期:2013-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:臧 锐(1977-),女,吉林磐石人,博士研究生,研究方向:城市与区域发展。E-mail:angrui1977@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(41271555,41071088)资助

Comprehensive Measure and Spatial-temporal Evolution of Urbanization Level in Jilin Province

Rui ZANG1(), Peng ZHANG2, Qing-shan YANG1(), Lin-shan LI2, Xu-jia ZHANG3   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024, China
    2. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130102, China
    3. College of Geographical Sciences, Harbin Normal University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150025, China
  • Received:2012-12-25 Revised:2013-03-07 Online:2013-10-20 Published:2013-10-20

摘要:

选取人口城市化、经济城市化、空间城市化和社会城市化4个维度的指标,2000~2011年的时间序列数据,运用均方差赋权法和线性加权和法,对吉林省综合城市化水平进行测度,运用ArcGIS软件对各市州城市化水平进行地理空间的可视化表达,并分析吉林省城市化水平的时空格局演变,发现:① 各城市化指标的分布格局均呈现“中高周低”特征,各市州城市化质量差异显著;② 以长春和吉林为中心的双中心集聚特征开始显现;③ 空间城市化是人口城市化的直接表象,经济发展是推动社会发展的关键因素。

关键词: 城市化水平, 综合测度, 时空演变, 吉林省

Abstract:

:Urbanization can be described from four perspectives which are population urbanization, economic urbanization, spatial urbanization and social urbanization respectively. Based on the indexes collected from these four dimensions from the year of 2000 to 2011, this article managed to measure the comprehensive level of urbanization in Jilin Province using the variance method and liner summing weight method to determine the weights and compute the indexes. In order to visualize the distribution of urbanization levels in the prefectures, the maps were made utilizing the software of ArcGIS to analyze the spatial and temporal evolution in terms of urbanization level in Jilin Province. The following findings are summarized: 1) The variance of urbanization quality among prefectures is obvious, which shows a characteristic named “higher center and lower surrounding”. 2) The agglomeration pattern of couple centers of Changchun and Jilin City is being formed, but realizing integrated development still has a long way to go. 3) Spatial urbanization is the direct embodiment of population urbanization and economic development is the key to promote the development of society.

Key words: urbanization level, comprehensive measurement, spatial and temporal evolution, Jilin Province

中图分类号: 

  • F119.1