地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (12): 1467-1475.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.012.1467

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海岸旅游小镇景观格局演变与动态模拟——以大连市金石滩国家旅游度假区为例

范强1,2, 杨俊2(), 吴楠2, 马占东3   

  1. 1.辽宁工程技术大学测绘学院,辽宁 阜新 123000
    2.自然地理与空间信息科学辽宁省重点实验室,辽宁 大连 116029
    3.大连市国土资源和房屋局,辽宁 大连 116021
  • 收稿日期:2013-04-12 修回日期:2013-06-18 出版日期:2013-12-20 发布日期:2013-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:范 强(1979-),男,辽宁黑山人,博士研究生,讲师,主要从事区域分析与规划、数字城市与地理信息系统应用研究。E-mail:lntufanqiang@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40971299,41171137) 、教育部人文社科项目(09YJC790135)、辽宁省创新团队项目(wt2011002)资助

Landscape Patterns Changes and Dynamic Simulation of Coastal Tourism Town:A Case Study of Dalian Jinshitan National Tourist Holiday Resort

Qiang FAN1,2, Jun YANG2(), Nan WU2, Zhan-dong MA3   

  1. 1.Liaoning Technical University school of Geomatis ,Fuxin, Liaoning 123000, China
    2. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Physical Geography and Geomatics, Dalian, Liaoning 116029,China
    3. Dalian Land Resources and House Bureau, Dalian, Liaoning 116021,China
  • Received:2013-04-12 Revised:2013-06-18 Online:2013-12-20 Published:2013-12-20

摘要:

研究以多时序土地利用、遥感数据为基础,以大连市金石滩国家旅游度假区为例,通过景观生态学和CA-Markov模型模拟方法,系统分析了1998~2009年研究区景观格局的时空演变特征,并对2020年景观格局的情景进行了模拟预测。结果表明:① 1998~2009年金石滩的景观格局变化主要表现为:整体上,旅游景观总面增加2.30 km2,辅助性旅游景观总面积增加2.22 km2,非旅游景观总面积减少5.27 km2,非旅游景观向旅游景观和辅助性旅游景观的转变趋势明显;② 金石滩景观格局变化过程表现为,逐步从单一的村民居住型向能够满足旅游者需求的娱乐、观赏、商业等复合型景观转变;变化区域主要分布在研究区中部自西向东的龙山村、满家滩村、陈家村以及东南部的庙上村,变化类型以“传统农业→人造娱乐休憩”类型为主;③ 在对CA-Markov模型的可利用性进行分析与检验后得到金石滩2020年景观格局模拟结果:人造娱乐休憩景观、公共基础设施景观、传统工业与居民用地景观面积增加,同时自然态生物景观、传统农业景观、其他景观面积也相应减小,此外,水域景观和交通运输用地景观面积基本保持稳定;变化显著区域主要集中在研究区中部自西向东的龙山村、满家滩村、陈家村以及东南部的庙上村。

关键词: 景观格局, CA-Markov模型, 动态模拟, 金石滩国家旅游度假区, 大连

Abstract:

Based on multi-temporal land use data and remote sensing data , and also using Dalian Jinshitan National Tourist Holiday Resort as an example, through quantitative analysis of landscape ecology and the simulative method of CA-Markov model, this research systematically analyzes evolution characteristics of the landscape pattern in study area from 1998 to 2009, and simulates and predicts the landscape pattern in 2020. The results show that: 1) From 1998 to 2009, the main performance of landscape pattern changes is that the area of the tourism landscape increased 2.30 km2, auxiliary tourism landscape area increased 2.22 km2, the tourism landscape area reduced 5.27 km2; 2) The process of landscape pattern change shows that a gradual change from a single type of villagers living to various types which can satisfy the need of tourism’s entertainment, sightseeing, business and other complex landscape. And change areas are mainly distributed in Longshan village, Manjiatan village, Chenjia village and Miaoshang village in southeast, from west to east in the study area. In addition, the priority change type is the "traditional agriculture→artificial entertainment recreation" model. 3) After analyzing and testing the availability of CA-Markov model, we get the landscape pattern simulation result of Jinshitan in 2020 that the area increased in artificial entertainment leisure landscape, public infrastructure landscape, traditional industry and resident landscape. By contrast the area of natural biological landscape, traditional agricultural landscape and other landscape decreased. In addition, the area reminded stable of the water landscape and transportation land use landscape. Furthermore distinct areas are mainly concentrated in Longshan village, Manjiatan village, Chenjia village and Miaoshang village in southeast from west to east in the study area.

Key words: landscape pattern, CA-Markov model, dynamic simulation, Jinshitan National Tourist Holiday Resort, Dalian

中图分类号: 

  • F119.9