地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (6): 703-709.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.06.703

• • 上一篇    下一篇

中国优秀旅游城市空间分布及其交通可达的地区差异分析

胡浩()   

  1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2012-07-06 修回日期:2012-11-02 出版日期:2013-08-20 发布日期:2013-08-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:胡 浩(1984-),男,河南周口人,博士研究生,研究方向:区域发展与地缘环境。E-mail:bsdhao@126.com.

  • 基金资助:
    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(105560GK)资助

Regional Difference of Spatial Distribution and Its Transport Accessibility of Chinese Excellent Tourism Cities

Hao HU()   

  1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2012-07-06 Revised:2012-11-02 Online:2013-08-20 Published:2013-08-20

摘要:

中国优秀旅游城市产生发展的过程是旅游城市宏观管理和基础设施空间效益组织的过程,也是伴随着中国现代旅游和城市建设逐步发展的过程。中国优秀旅游城市近20 a的理论探索和实践建设,取得巨大成绩的同时也存在着其空间分布的地域差异和交通可达的空间效益差异。基于ArcGIS空间定位和空间分析技术,对全国尺度、省级尺度、地市尺度下中国优秀旅游城市的空间格局及其1 h、2 h、3 h交通可达的地区差异进行宏、中、微观的对比分析,结果发现:中国优秀旅游城市交通可达的地区差异与其全国范围的空间分布差异具有高度的一致性,以大理市到黑河市3 h交通可达范围的连线为界限,呈明显的东多西少,南多北少的地理格局形态,不同时间距离的区域经济差异同时表现出以优秀旅游城市为中心的距离衰减特征,中国优秀旅游城市的发展建设有待进一步提高。

关键词: 优秀旅游城市, 空间格局, 交通可达, 地区差异, GIS

Abstract:

The process of emerging and developing in Chinese Excellent Tourism City is the process of macroscopic management and organization of tourism cities and its infrastructure spatial effect is also going hand in hand with the process of China's modern tourism development and China's city construction. In the past 20 years, theoretical exploration and practice construction have made great progress though there are also some problems in the spatial distribution and its spatial effect of the transport accessibility. In this article, regional differences of the spatial distribution and its transport accessibility in 1 hour, 2 hours, 3 hours of the Chinese Excellent Tourism Cities were compared with the ArcGIS spatial orientation and spatial analysis technology. And the results showed that: the regional differences of transport accessibility of Chinese Excellent Tourism Cities have a high degree of consistency to the nationwide spatial distribution differences. Firstly, there are a large number of Chinese Excellent Tourism Cities in the eastern of China while a little in the western, the number of Chinese Excellent Tourism Cities in different provinces is quite different, and the regional difference in different prefecture level cities can be subdivided into 3 kinds of region. Secondly, there are also a great many of differences in the spatial distribution of transport accessibility of the Chinese Excellent Tourism Cities all over the whole country, and the regional economic which based on the spatial distribution also has the same character. From the Heihe City in Heilongjiang Province to the Dali City in Yunnan Province, there can be a line of demarcation of spatial distribution for 3 hours accessed area between the eastern of China and the western. In the southeast coastal area, the Huanghuai area and the JiangHuai River Basin of China,such as Henan Province, Jiangsu Province, Zhejiang Province, Liaoning Province, Hainan Province ,the 1 hour accessed area can be a big advantage for the development of the tourism. While, in the southwestern and northwestern of China, such as Qinghai Province, Xizang Autonomous Region, Yunnan Province and Inner Mongolia, the 3 hours accessed area may be the disadvantage in opposite, just because of the interaction of many factors of regional difference, such as the topography condition, urban terrain settlement distribution, the construction of urban transportation infrastructure facilities and so on. Thirdly, the law of distance decay of tourist market and tourism development potential appear vividly around 1 hour,2 hours, 3 hours accessed area of 339 Chinese Excellent Tourism Cities. And the development and construction of the Chinese excellent tourism city should be further improved.

Key words: excellent tourism city, spatial distribution, transport accessibility, regional difference, GIS

中图分类号: 

  • K901