地理科学 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (8): 918-925.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2013.08.918

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城市被动式动迁居民社区满意度评价研究——以南京为例

夏永久1,2,3(), 朱喜钢1()   

  1. 1.南京大学城市与区域规划系,江苏 南京 210093
    2.安徽建筑大学建筑与规划学院,安徽 合肥 230022
    3.安徽省城镇化发展研究中心,安徽 合肥 230022
  • 收稿日期:2012-12-03 修回日期:2013-03-20 出版日期:2013-08-20 发布日期:2013-08-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:夏永久(1979-),男,安徽庐江人,博士研究生,讲师。主要从事城市与区域规划研究。E-mail: xiayj03@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(11BSH058)资助

The Evaluation of Urban Forced Movers′ Community Satisfaction —A Case Study of Nanjing

Yong-jiu XIA1,2,3(), Xi-gang ZHU1()   

  1. 1.Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093,China
    2.School of Architecture and Planning, Anhui University of Architecture, Hefei, Anhui 230022, China
    3.Research Center for Urbanization and Urban Development of Anhui, Hefei, Anhui 230022, China
  • Received:2012-12-03 Revised:2013-03-20 Online:2013-08-20 Published:2013-08-20

摘要:

城市被动式动迁居民社区满意度研究为认识城市更新对低收入阶层所产生影响以及如何优化改造该类住区提供了一个新视角。通过南京郊区8个拆迁安置社区的案例研究发现,城市被动式动迁居民社区满意度评价具有6个维度的结构特征,其中满意度评价得分由低到高分别为:就业环境维度、设施配置维度、地理空间维度、自然环境维度、住房条件维度和人文社会维度,社区满意度评价整体偏低,以就业环境、设施配置及地理空间维度尤为突出,表明被迫动迁后低收入居民在就业以及城市公共设施享用等方面的情况最不理想。不同组间的居民社区满意度差异显著,时间、空间、文化程度以及工作稳定性状况是社区满意度的主要影响因素。

关键词: 被动式动迁居民, 社区满意度, 评价, 南京

Abstract:

During China's transformation period, many cities are undergoing an essential process of urban renewal and reconstruction orientated by real estate development. While urban renewal and reconstruction are remodeling the inner city's material landscape, they also promote substitutes of borough residents' social stratum. In the circumstance of housing marketization , as a result of limited economic power, large numbers of low-income aborigines are forced and relocated to large-scale settlement district in the suburbs, which brings about profound influences on social and economic development of a city, as well as upon individuals. Therefore the consequential urban socio-spatial issues have become the hotspot of academia. In spite of previous researches exploring solutions from researchers, objective and neutral position, there is still a lack of empirical studies conducted from the self-perception and demands of the under-privileged low-income aborigines. The research of urban forced movers′ community satisfaction sheds light and provides a new perspective for understanding urban renewal′s impacts on low-income groups and how to improve community construction of low-income groups. Based on a case study of eight removal and resettlement communities in Nanjing suburbs, this article finds that urban forced movers′ community satisfaction is constructed by six dimensions: employment environment, facilities allocation, geographic space, natural environment, housing conditions and social environment (in the order of highest evaluation scores to the lowest). Nonetheless, the overall community satisfaction is relatively low, which indicates the low-income residents’ employment and public facilities access after relocation is far from desirable. Community satisfaction variance between different groups is shown significantly, space and time, education level and job stability are proved to be factors influencing community satisfaction. Such conclusions should be given proper consideration in the future for formulating new removal and resettlement modes and reforming and optimizing low-income community construction.

Key words: forced movers, community satisfaction, evaluation, Nanjing

中图分类号: 

  • TU984