地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (10): 1169-1175.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.010.1169

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港口腹地划分的腹地烟羽模型研究

李振福(), 汤晓雯   

  1. 大连海事大学交通运输管理学院,辽宁 大连 116026
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-23 修回日期:2014-01-10 出版日期:2014-10-10 发布日期:2014-10-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李振福(1969-),男,吉林榆树人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为交通运输规划与管理及世界海运网络研究。E-mail:lizhenfu863@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(13&ZD170)、国家自然科学基金项目(61174166,61473053)、教育部2013年“新世纪优秀人才支持计划”项目、“中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金” 资助

The Hinterland Plume Model of Port Hinterland Segmentation

Zhen-fu LI(), Xiao-wen TANG   

  1. College of Transportation Management, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026, China
  • Received:2013-07-23 Revised:2014-01-10 Online:2014-10-10 Published:2014-10-10

摘要:

近年来中国港口不断发展,竞争日益激烈,腹地重叠现象也越来越严重。明确港口所能吸引的腹地范围,对于港口和腹地的未来发展均具有至关重要的作用。然而现有港口腹地划分方法都具有一定的局限性,无法实现港口腹地的准确细致划分,不利于港口发展方向的确定。在分析总结现有方法存在的不足的基础上,引入烟羽模型,提出了一种港口腹地划分的新方法——腹地烟羽模型,并对辽宁省各港口在东北地区的腹地范围划分进行了实例分析。计算结果表明:营口港的腹地有鞍山、辽阳、本溪、铁岭、抚顺、辽源、四平、吉林、长春,盘锦港的腹地有沈阳、通辽,锦州港的腹地有阜新、朝阳、赤峰,丹东港的腹地有通化、白山,大连港的腹地为东北地区的剩余城市。

关键词: 港口腹地, 腹地划分, 腹地烟羽模型

Abstract:

In recent years, with the continuous development of ports, competition is more and more fierce, and the phenomenon of hinterland overlapping becomes more serious. It is very essential for a port to clearly determine the range of hinterland it can attract. This will also be of great significance for future development of both the port and its hinterlands. However, there are some limitations in the existing port hinterland segmentation methods. These limitations lead that achieving an accurate and detailed segmentation of port hinterland become almost impossible by using these methods. And it is not conducive for the port to determine the direction of its development. Based on summarizing the weak points of existing methods, with the introduction of plume model, this article proposed a new method for partitioning port hinterlands——hinterland plume model. Then this new method was applied to dividing Northeast China into each hinterland scope of the six ports in Liaoning Province. The results show that: The hinterlands of Yingkou Port are Anshan, Liaoyang, Benxi, Tieling, Fushun, Liaoyuan, Siping, Jilin and Changchun. Shenyang and Tongliao are hinterlands of Panjin Port. The hinterlands of Jinzhou Port are Fuxin, Chaoyang and Chifeng. Tonghua and Baishan are hinterlands of Dandong Port. Finally, the remaining cities in Northeast China are hinterlands of Dalian Port.

Key words: port hinterland, hinterland segmentation, hinterland plume model

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9