地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (10): 1193-1201.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.010.1193

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知识密集型服务业空间关联特征及其动力机制分析——基于广东省21个地级市的实证

方远平1(), 毕斗斗2, 谢蔓3, 林彰平4   

  1. 1.华南师范大学旅游管理学院,广东 广州 510631
    2.华南理工大学经贸学院,广东 广州 510006
    3.中山大学新华学院,广东 广州 510520
    4.广州大学地理科学学院,广东 广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2013-10-19 修回日期:2014-04-06 出版日期:2014-10-10 发布日期:2014-10-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:方远平(1974-),男,湖南桂东人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向:服务业创新与城市发展,区域经济与旅游规划。E-mail:fyp21cn@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471106、41171141、41271175)、广东省自然科学基金项目( S2013010013695 )、广东省哲学社会科学十二五规划项目(GD13CYJ07),广东高校优秀青年创新人才培养计划项目基金(WYM08081)和广州市科技计划项目(2012J5100044)资助

Spatial Correlation Characteristics and Dynamic Mechanism of Knowledge Intensive Business Service: A Spatial Econometric Analysis of Guangdong Province

Yuan-ping FANG1(), Dou-dou BI2, Man XIE3, Zhang-ping LIN4   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Management, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631,Guangdong,China
    2. School of Economics and Commerce, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China
    3.Xinhua College, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China
    4. School of Geographical Science, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong,China
  • Received:2013-10-19 Revised:2014-04-06 Online:2014-10-10 Published:2014-10-10

摘要:

以转型中的经济大省广东为例,运用探索性空间数据分析法和空间常系数模型,分析广东省知识密集型服务业(KIBS)发展水平的地区差异、空间关联特征及其动力机制,研究结论表明:① 广东省各地级市KIBS产出总体上以珠三角城市最高,但各行业存在空间差异;② 广东省地级市KIBS呈空间正相关特点,但空间结构极不平衡,呈“总体分散、局部集中”分布格局,珠三角内诸城市属于KIBS热点区域,是高值集聚区,粤东西北的大部分城市是位于冷点区域,4 a间没有突破低值集聚的现状,也揭示了珠三角地区内相邻城市的KIBS具有竞争性,尚未形成有效的扩散-协同的发展格局;③ 广东省KIBS空间格局的动力因子分析表明:城市化、工业化、信息化、经济外向度和交通通达性均对KIBS发展有促进作用,而市场需求对KIBS发展产生负向影响。

关键词: 广东省, KIBS, 空间关联, 动力机制, 探索性空间数据分析法

Abstract:

This article explored the exploratory spatial data analysis(ESDA) and spatial econometric model to check the spatial distribution of KIBS as well as its spatial dynamics factors across Guangdong Province . There are four main findings. First, it is described that the spatial distribution of KIBS which shows that cities in the Pearl River Delta(PRD) have the highest level across Guangdong Province, though there are discrepancy among different sectors in KIBS.Second, there is a spatial positive correlation relationship and spatial uneven distribution of KIBS among cities of Guangdong Province, which has a location of general dispersion and local concentration across this region. Third, most cities in PRD are KIBS hot spots with a high value agglomeration area, while the rest other cities in the eastern, western and northern of Guangdong are located incold area of KIBS , and the diffusion effect which come from the high level area(the PRD)remains limited to these adjacent cities, this lead to the regional lock-up effect of these cities to be low-low concentration for a couple of years. Fourth, a number of dynamic factors were used to interpret the spatial distribution of KIBS across Guangdong Province, result shows that urbanization, industrialization, ICT, economic openness and transport facilities play a positive role in promoting the development of KIBS, amongst which urbanization factor is the most important factor .While market demand factor has a negative influence on the development of knowledge intensive business service. Therefore, promoting urbanization level, improving the level of new industrial development and popularization of ICT infrastructure construction, increasing foreign investment, and revising the negative effect of market demand, all can effectively promote the development of KIBS in Guangdong Province.

Key words: Knowledge Business Intensive Services(KIBS), spatial association, dynamic determinants, Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis, Guangdong

中图分类号: 

  • K902