地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (12): 1409-1417.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.011.1409

• •    下一篇

广东省市际金融排斥度综合评价及空间格局演变

张国俊(), 周春山(), 许学强   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广东 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2014-02-16 修回日期:2014-08-24 出版日期:2014-12-10 发布日期:2014-12-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张国俊(1977-),女,湖北公安人,博士研究生,主要从事区域发展与城乡规划研究。E-mail:zhgjun@mail2.sysu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271182)资助

A Comprehensive Evaluation of the Intercity Financial Exclusion in Guangdong with an Exploration of Its Spatial Pattern

Guo-jun ZHANG(), Chun-shan ZHOU(), Xue-qiang XU   

  1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University/Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275,China
  • Received:2014-02-16 Revised:2014-08-24 Online:2014-12-10 Published:2014-12-10

摘要:

从金融服务的渗透度、使用度、效用度3个维度构建了省域尺度金融排斥的综合评价指标体系,借鉴人类发展指数的计算方法,对广东省2002年、2007年和2012年市际单元的金融排斥度进行综合评价;并结合ArcGIS的空间分析模块,对广东省市际金融排斥度的空间格局演化进行探讨。研究表明:① 广东省金融排斥度的市际差异大且相对稳定,珠三角的金融排斥度远远低于外围区;② 市际金融排斥度呈现显著的空间相关性和空间集聚特征,珠三角与外围区的金融排斥度空间差异显著,且演变格局基本保持稳定态势;③ 广东省金融排斥度区域差异格局演化受金融供给主体的战略选择、实体经济发展的客观需求、政府经济行为的诱导、社会文化与制度等多种因素相互作用影响。

关键词: 金融排斥, 综合评价, 空间格局, 广东

Abstract:

Regarding the three dimensions of penetration, usage and effectiveness of financial services, we constructed a comprehensive evaluation index system of financial exclusion and measured the intercity financial exclusion in Guangdong Province of China in 2002, 2007 and 2012 respectively by using Human Development Index, and then analyzed the spatial pattern of its evolution by integrating the ArcGIS spatial analysis mode. The research showed that: 1) While the disparity of intercity financial exclusion in Guangdong was large, and relatively stable, the financial exclusion was far lower in the Zhujiang River Delta than the surrounding areas; 2) The intercity financial exclusion showed significant spatial correlation and spatial gathering characteristics, with obvious spatial disparity between the Zhujiang River Delta and the surrounding areas and basically stable evolutionary pattern. 3) The evolution pattern of financial exclusion disparity in Guangdong was affected by many interacting factors such as the strategy of the financial provider, the objective demand of the real economy development, the guidance of government economic behavior, social culture and institutions etc. This article argues, to reduce the financial exclusion, what is important is to speed up the regional economic development, reinforce governmental regulation, to develop micro-finance, and to cultivate good institutional and cultural environment.

Key words: financial exclusion, comprehensive evaluation, spatial pattern, Guangdong

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9