地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (12): 1428-1437.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.012.1428

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旅游地网络的演化与时空特征研究——以黄山风景区及汤口社区为例

刘法建1, 张捷2, 章锦河2, 陈冬冬3   

  1. 1.安徽大学商学院,安徽 合肥 230601
    2.南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,江苏 南京 210093
    3.安徽广播影视职业技术学院,安徽 合肥 230011
  • 收稿日期:2013-06-08 修回日期:2013-08-02 出版日期:2014-12-10 发布日期:2014-12-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘法建(1982-),男,安徽凤阳人,讲师,博士,主要从事旅游地理学与旅游地发展研究。E-mail:liufajian2003@aliyun.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然基金项目(41301151,41171121)、安徽大学学术与技术带头人引进工程项目(02303203)资助

The Process and Spatial-temporal Feature of Tourism Destination Network Evolution:A Case Study of MT. Huangshan Scenic Area and Tangkou

Fa-jian LIU1, Jie ZHANG2, Jin-he ZHANG2, Dong-dong CHEN3   

  1. 1. School of Business, Anhui Univercity, Hefei, Anhui 2306012, China
    2.School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093, China
    3. Anhui Broadcasting Movie and Television College, Hefei, Anhui 230011,China
  • Received:2013-06-08 Revised:2013-08-02 Online:2014-12-10 Published:2014-12-10

摘要:

旅游地网络演化研究有助于揭示旅游地各种利益相关者是如何形成一个由各种关系交织而成的多元、复杂、交叉重叠的旅游地产业体系。以旅游地生命周期和社会网络理论为基础,以黄山风景区及其依托城镇汤口社区所形成的旅游地网络为研究对象,通过各发展各阶段中的变化及其影响因素的分析,按照“士大夫旅游背景下的寺庙管理模式、半官方和官方管理式的外事接待模式”等5个阶段进行网络结构的展示和分析,并探索了其演化发展的过程和机制。结果显示,黄山旅游地网络经历了“无连接-政府主导的星型网络-政府、地方社区企业两个主导网络成分-社区旅游广泛参与下的多类型、多层次的行动者互动网络”的过程。并将进入社区主导的旅游地网络阶段,并且随着旅游地网络的不断完善,黄山旅游地可持续发展的能力将得到增强。

关键词: 旅游地网络, 演化, 时空特征, 黄山风景区

Abstract:

Tourism destination networks have been the key field of tourism destination studies. They refer to certain network structures of the industrial sectors, organizations, governments, residents and tourists et al., that focus on the tourism activities inside or outside of destination, which is attached by some relations. The relations are built on tourism value chain, which contain tourist flow, capitals, information, technologies, products et al. The relations may be horizontal or vertical, formal or informal, short or long. Thus, the networks could be the lens of destination development, how the tourism destination network evolved is vital to understand the multiple actors in the destination to be a complex, pluralistic, intersectional and overlapping destination tourism industry system. Based on the theories of resort lifecycle and social network, this article takes MT. Hungshan Scenic Area and Tangkou Town (the tourist reception center of MT. Huangshan) as the subjects. After defining and classifying the actors and relations, collecting data from various sources, this paper analyzes the changes of networks and the impact effect in MT. Hungshan Scenic Area and Tangkou Town, and divides their development process into 5 stages, which are Temple management models, Foreign affairs and the hospitality model, Government leading development model, Stock enterprise management model, Multi-actors community participation model, and then draws and analyzes the characters of the network structures, and then tries to reveal the process and mechanics of destination network evolution. It points out that the networks have been going through a series of 'no connection networks', 'government-sponsored star-shaped networks', 'government and community double-drive networks' and 'multi levels elements networks that the communities participated extensively', as the strengthening of communities power in the future, this paper proclaims that the Huangshan tourism destination network would enter into an era of community-sponsored destination networks, and the capacity of sustainable development has been further enhanced. In addition, this paper assigns the evolution of the networks to the life-cycle stages, policy and planning adjustment, location and transport, local culture and path dependence.

Key words: tourism destination network, evolution process, Spatial-temporal Feature, MT. Huangshan Scenic Area

中图分类号: 

  • F59