The Reconstruction of Literary Tourist Destination: A Case Study of Fenghuang
Ning AN1,2,Hong ZHU1,Chen LIU3
1.Centre for Social and Cultural Geography,South China Normal University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510631,China 2.School of Geographical and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G128QQ,UK 3. Department of Geography, Royal Holloway, University of London,London TW200EX,UK
Drawing on the qualitative research methods, especially the methods of observation, interview, and textual analysis, this article focuses on the study of the ancient town of Fenghuang. This article concerns on its space “encountering” between tourism and literature and analyzes how Fenghuang achieves its space reconstruction through the interaction between them. Based on the conceptual understanding of space that is proposed by Henry Lefebvre, Edward Soja, and David Harvey, this article discusses the process of space (re)construction in Fenghuang, including how “the material space” (re)produces “the conceived space” or/and “the space of power” which is governed by the power from the principal parts, and how it construct the “poetic space” which affected by human behavior in social practice. These findings indicate that: 1) the development of tourism changes the socio-economic structure of Fenghuang rapidly, and then the focus of its spatial attributes shifts after that, through which it achieves the reconstructing process from the original ecology of the paradise-like substances to the space full of power games. In this process, the local government and the developers have played the pivotal roles, in which they integrated and reproduced the space of Fenghuang and (re)constructed it as a “space of power” through their negotiations and gaming with civilians, retail managers and tourists. 2) Accompanied with tourists’ geographical imaginations, Shen Congwen, and his literary have constructed the ‘real’ images of Fenghuang. This process achieves the “poetical” construction of Fenghuang through which both the labels of literary tourist destination are produced and the “poetical” constructed space which is consumed by tourists through an imaginative way. 3) The (re)construction process of “space of power” and “poetic space” interacts with each other. The construction of the “poetic space” is included in the process of the construction of space of power; on the contrary, the construction of space of power is also affecting the construction of the “poetic space”. Literary promotes the development of tourism, and on the contrary, the development of tourism affects the image of tourists’ imaginations directly and indirectly. On the basis of these findings, we can conclude that the space (re)construction of Fenghuang is affected by the literary and tourism through which the material space of Fenghuang is viewed as space of literary destination with the attributes of materiality, scope of power, and symbolism. As an entry point, literary tourism is explored in this study, which on the one hand enriches the understanding of the meaning of space, and expands the existing theories of space construction; on the other hand, it develops a positive value and significance for tourists’ behavior, tourism developing and other researches.
. 文学旅游地的空间重构研究——以凤凰古城为例[J]. 地理科学,
2014, 34(12): 1462-1469.
. The Reconstruction of Literary Tourist Destination: A Case Study of Fenghuang[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA,
2014, 34(12): 1462-1469.