地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (12): 1462-1469.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.012.1462

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文学旅游地的空间重构研究——以凤凰古城为例

安宁1,2, 朱竑1, 刘晨3   

  1. 1.华南师范大学文化产业与文化地理研究中心,广东 广州 510631
    2.格拉斯哥大学地理与地球科学系,英国 格拉斯哥 G128QQ
    3.伦敦大学皇家赫洛威学院地理系,英国 伦敦 TW200EX
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-15 修回日期:2013-12-20 出版日期:2014-12-10 发布日期:2014-12-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:安 宁(1987- ), 男, 陕西汉中人, 博士研究生, 研究方向为地缘政治和社会文化地理。E-mail: n.an.1@research.gla.ac.uk

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41171125;41301140)、国家留学基金(201306380085)广东省自然科学基金(S2011010005996;10251063101000007)资助

The Reconstruction of Literary Tourist Destination: A Case Study of Fenghuang

Ning AN1,2, Hong ZHU1, Chen LIU3   

  1. 1.Centre for Social and Cultural Geography,South China Normal University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510631,China
    2.School of Geographical and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G128QQ,UK
    3. Department of Geography, Royal Holloway, University of London,London TW200EX,UK
  • Received:2013-07-15 Revised:2013-12-20 Online:2014-12-10 Published:2014-12-10

摘要:

文学和旅游之间关系十分密切,以文学旅游地为切入点,运用定性研究方法分析了凤凰古城如何通过文学和旅游的影响实现其空间重构,得到结论如下:① 开发者的旅游开发行为迅速改变了凤凰的社会经济结构,在其旅游发展过程中,不同权力主体(政府、开发商、小成本经营者、旅游者等)之间的权力博弈实现了空间的“权力化”重构;② 以沈从文及其作品等为代表的湘西文学作品和旅游者的地方想象共同建构了凤凰古城的地方形象,文学和旅游的“邂逅”赋予凤凰诗性的想象空间,实现了凤凰古城诗性空间的构建;③ 权力空间和诗性空间的建构过程是相互影响的:权力空间的构建过程中包含了权力主体对诗性空间建构过程的运用;反之,诗性空间的建构过程也包含着不同权力主体对空间的利用和争夺,并受之影响。

关键词: 文学旅游地, 空间重构, 权力空间, 诗性空间, 凤凰

Abstract:

Drawing on the qualitative research methods, especially the methods of observation, interview, and textual analysis, this article focuses on the study of the ancient town of Fenghuang. This article concerns on its space “encountering” between tourism and literature and analyzes how Fenghuang achieves its space reconstruction through the interaction between them. Based on the conceptual understanding of space that is proposed by Henry Lefebvre, Edward Soja, and David Harvey, this article discusses the process of space (re)construction in Fenghuang, including how “the material space” (re)produces “the conceived space” or/and “the space of power” which is governed by the power from the principal parts, and how it construct the “poetic space” which affected by human behavior in social practice. These findings indicate that: 1) the development of tourism changes the socio-economic structure of Fenghuang rapidly, and then the focus of its spatial attributes shifts after that, through which it achieves the reconstructing process from the original ecology of the paradise-like substances to the space full of power games. In this process, the local government and the developers have played the pivotal roles, in which they integrated and reproduced the space of Fenghuang and (re)constructed it as a “space of power” through their negotiations and gaming with civilians, retail managers and tourists. 2) Accompanied with tourists’ geographical imaginations, Shen Congwen, and his literary have constructed the ‘real’ images of Fenghuang. This process achieves the “poetical” construction of Fenghuang through which both the labels of literary tourist destination are produced and the “poetical” constructed space which is consumed by tourists through an imaginative way. 3) The (re)construction process of “space of power” and “poetic space” interacts with each other. The construction of the “poetic space” is included in the process of the construction of space of power; on the contrary, the construction of space of power is also affecting the construction of the “poetic space”. Literary promotes the development of tourism, and on the contrary, the development of tourism affects the image of tourists’ imaginations directly and indirectly. On the basis of these findings, we can conclude that the space (re)construction of Fenghuang is affected by the literary and tourism through which the material space of Fenghuang is viewed as space of literary destination with the attributes of materiality, scope of power, and symbolism. As an entry point, literary tourism is explored in this study, which on the one hand enriches the understanding of the meaning of space, and expands the existing theories of space construction; on the other hand, it develops a positive value and significance for tourists’ behavior, tourism developing and other researches.

Key words: literary tourism, space reconstruction, space of power, poetic space, Fenghuang

中图分类号: 

  • K901