地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (9): 1069-1076.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.09.1069

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山东省新型城镇化的测度与空间分异研究

王新越1(), 宋飏2, 宋斐红3, 于世远4   

  1. 1.中国海洋大学管理学院,山东 青岛 266100
    2.东北师范大学地理科学学院,吉林 长春130024
    3.山东旅游职业学院,山东 济南 250200
    4.广西师范学院资源与环境科学学院,广西 南宁 530001
  • 收稿日期:2013-05-25 修回日期:2014-01-12 出版日期:2014-09-10 发布日期:2014-09-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王新越(1977-),女,黑龙江密山人,博士,讲师,主要从事旅游开发与规划、区域经济研究。E-mail:lily6527@sina.com

  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金(14YJC790123)、山东省社科规划项目(13DGLZ05)、国家社会科学基金项目(12CGL059)、山东省软科学研究计划项目(2014REK29011)、国家自然青年科学基金项目(41301169)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金(12QN001)资助

New Urbanization Measurement and Spatial Differences in Shandong Province

Xin-yue WANG1(), Yang SONG2, Fei-hong SONG3, Shi-yuan YU4   

  1. 1.School of Management, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong 266100, China
    2.School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024, China
    3. Shandong College of Tourism & Hospitality,Jinan, Shandong 250200,China
    4.College of Resources and Environment Sciences, Guangxi Teacher′s Education University, Nanning, Guangxi 510003,China
  • Received:2013-05-25 Revised:2014-01-12 Online:2014-09-10 Published:2014-09-10

摘要:

中国未来城镇化的主要任务已经转变为优化结构和提高质量,而新型城镇化则是实现这一目标的必由之路。在深刻理解新型城镇化的内涵的基础上,建立了由人口、经济、空间、社会、生态环境、生活方式、城乡一体化、创新与研发8个子系统构成的新型城镇化评价体系,采用熵值法确定评价指标权重,对山东省17个地级城市新型城镇化发展水平进行测度。研究结果表明:① 山东省新型城镇化受传统城镇化影响严重,要加强生活方式、生态环境、城乡一体化以及创新与研发方面的建设。② 济南、青岛、威海、淄博为新型城镇化高水平区,东营为新型城镇化较高水平区,烟台、莱芜为新型城镇化中等水平区,泰安、滨州、日照、潍坊、枣庄为新型城镇化较低水平区,济宁、临沂、德州、聊城、滨州、菏泽为新型城镇化低水平区。

关键词: 新型城镇化, 空间分异, 山东省

Abstract:

China has entered into urban society, the main task of the future urbanization has been turned into optimize the structure and improve the quality, while the new urbanization is the only way to achieve this goal. On the basis of deeply understanding the connotation of the new urbanization, the evaluation system of new urbanization was established in the article, which was composed of eight subsystems: population, economy, space, society, ecological environment, lifestyle, urban-rural integration, innovation and R&D. The weight of index was worked out with the entropy method to improve the objectivity and reliability, and to measure the development level of the new urbanization of the 17 prefecture-level cities in Shandong Province. It was found that there were obvious regional differences in the development level of the new urbanization of the 17 prefecture-level cities: the comprehensive development index of the new urbanization in Jinan (60.26) is the highest, while which in Heze(18.16) is the lowest. The range and standard deviation are both relatively large. On the basis of the analysis, the 17 prefecture-level cities were divided into five types through clustering analysis. The distribution of the development level of new urbanization in the whole province demonstrates that the high level cities are in east and north, and the low are in west and south. The development level of the new urbanization in Jinan, Qingdao, Weihai and Zibo were much higher than the average level of the whole province, which belongs to the high level area of the new urbanization. The development level of the new urbanization in Dongying is relatively high, especially the level of economic urbanization. Yantai and Laiwu belong to the middle level area of the new urbanization, the development level of new urbanization in the two cities were slightly higher than the average level of the whole province. The relatively low area of the development level of new urbanization includes Taian, Binzhou, Rizhao, Weifang and Zaizhuang . Jining, Linyi, Dezhou, Liaocheng, Binzhou and Heze belong to the the low level area of new urbanization. In these cities the development level of new urbanization were far below the average level of the whole province, which were related to the backward economy and the low level of industrialization, and the development level of every subsystem in these cities was also low. Grey correlation analysis was used to further explore the degree of influence of each index on the development level of the new urbanization. The results showed that the new urbanization of Shandong Province was seriously affected by the traditional urbanization, the comprehensive development index of the new urbanization was closely related to economic urbanization, space urbanization, social urbanization and population urbanization. It needs to be strengthen the construction of lifestyle, ecological environment, urban-rural integration, innovation and R&D, and promoting the quality of the new urbanization should be pay more attention to.

Key words: new urbanization, spatial differences, Shandong Province

中图分类号: 

  • F299.2