地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (9): 1139-1144.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.09.1139
作者简介：刘 博（1979-）,女,河北石家庄人,博士,副教授,主要从事城市文化地理研究。E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Bo LIU1,2(), Hong ZHU2()
Based on the perspective of etymology and taxonomy, studies on traditional place names or toponymy usually adopt the descriptive method to explore the origin, classification, dissemination and diffusion of specific place names. However, in social reality, place names are usually dominated by the authority, like the social elites. Social elites possess the rights of naming and renaming and thereby decide what will be remembered or forgotten. Therefore, local memory of some certain groups may be retained or erased in this process. Under the transition period in contemporary China, various spatial organizations are experiencing tremendous changes, while some other social groups are actively participating in the construction processes of social space. Place naming and renaming controversy is increasingly becoming one of the most hotspot issues. Obviously, the descriptive method cannot provide sufficient explanations for the above-mentioned controversy. The critical perspective adopted by the Anglophonic toponymy studies in the past few years may shed light on the place naming studies in Chinese cities. In the context of Anglophonic studies, the studies mainly focused on the cultural and political processes of the change of place names, the rewritten of local memory with the regime change, the privatization of public space due to the commercialization of naming rights, and so on. From the critical perspective of New Cultural Geography, this article focuses on the processes of place naming and renaming and adopts the textual analysis method to analyze the causes of naming controversies and the corresponding power relations in the process of naming and renaming Guangzhou Metro stations. It argues that the naming and renaming processes involve commercial, political and cultural factors all of which point to the core essence of naming rights. The prominent actors, including business enterprises, government agencies and general social groups, hold different positions which are based on their own interests and they actively struggle for the naming rights and continue to negotiate with other actors. The general social groups usually participate in place naming and renaming processes by expressing their dissatisfactions and doubts via the virtual network with non-resistant discourses. News media provide platforms and channels for the disadvantaged expressing their opinions and help them win some benefits through the negotiation. Nonetheless, what the place will be named or renamed still depends mainly on the authority. However, place identity will be strengthened forcefully when the government holds cultural conservation ideas. The article will make up for the “emphasizing description, but ignoring analysis” weakness of the descriptive method by way of textual analysis from a critical perspective and provide new ideas for the research on place names in China. It will also be helpful for the protection of toponymy culture, the inheritance of local cultural memory and the improvement of place identity through properly naming and renaming a specific place.
刘博, 朱竑. 批判视角下广州地铁站命名与更名研究[J]. 地理科学, 2014, 34(9): 1139-1144.
Bo LIU, Hong ZHU. [J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2014, 34(9): 1139-1144.
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