地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (6): 820-828.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.06.003

• • 上一篇    下一篇

中国人口迁移流动的时间过程及其空间效应研究:回顾与展望

朱宇1,2,3(), 林李月1,2   

  1. 1.福建师范大学地理研究所,福建 福州 350007
    2. 湿润亚热带生态地理过程教育部重点实验室,福建 福州 350007
    3.上海大学亚洲人口研究中心,上海 200444
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-28 修回日期:2015-11-25 出版日期:2016-10-20 发布日期:2016-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:朱宇(1961-),男,福建闽清人,博士,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事人口迁移、城镇化和区域发展研究。E-mail:zhu300@fjnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471132,41501163) 澳大利亚研究理事会项目(DP110101363)资助

Studies on the Temporal Processes of Migration and Their Spatial Effects in China: Progress and Prospect

Yu Zhu1,2,3(), Liyue Lin1,2   

  1. 1.Institute of Geography, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, Fujian, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process(Fujian Normal University), Ministry of Education, Fuzhou 350007, Fujian, China
    3. Asian Demographic Research Institute, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
  • Received:2015-05-28 Revised:2015-11-25 Online:2016-10-20 Published:2016-10-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China(41471132,41501163) The Australian Research Council (DP110101363)

摘要:

对人口迁移流动时间过程及其空间效应研究的国内外研究进展进行了全面系统的回顾和评述,揭示了中国迄今这方面工作在研究内容、数据来源和理论框架等方面的不足,在此基础上展望了中国人口迁移流动时间过程及其空间效应研究的未来发展,认为今后中国人口迁移流动研究的一个重要方向是在获取迁移流动人口流迁过程历时数据的基础上,分阶段系统考察人口迁移流动各具体环节及相关就业、住房、家庭等特征的时空变化及其机制,填补在人口迁移流动时间过程研究上的缺漏,并把对各单个流迁阶段的研究结果整合为对整体流迁过程的新的规律性认识。这将拓展和深化人口迁移流动空间格局及其形成机制的研究,推进人口迁移流动时空过程及其演变规律相关理论的发展。

关键词: 人口迁移流动, 时间过程, 空间效应, 中国

Abstract:

This article provides an overview of international literature on the temporal aspect of the migration process, and a comprehensive and systematic review on progress in the research on the temporal processes of migration and their spatial effects in China. The review suggests that in China’s migration research, some attention has been paid to the temporal processes of migration and their spatial effects, reflected in the fact that the temporal factor has been considered in some research concerning migrants’subsequent migration following their first move to the cities, the stepwise reunion for members of migrant split families and the corresponding evolution of their multi-locational livelihoods, and their intention of return migration or settlement in the cities in the last stage of their migration process. However, the review demonstrates that there is a lack of systematic and integrated investigation into various stages of the migration process and comprehensive examination of the temporal changes in migrants’ livelihood in terms of their employment, housing and household characteristics.The review also suggests that our understanding of factors affecting migrants’ spatial behavior in the lengthy and multi-stage migration process is inadequate, and that the exploration on the temporal dimension of the migration process is constrained by the lack of individual-level event history data. Based on the above review, the article argues that in China’s future migration research, more efforts should be devoted to collect event history data relating to the migration process, divide it into various stages, and systematically examine detailed characteristics of each migration stage and the related temporal and spatial changes in migrants’ employment, housing and families, in order to fill in the gap in understanding the temporal processes of migration. The article further advocates that efforts need to be devoted to integrating the results of research on each specific stage of the migration process into a comprehensive understanding of the regularity in the evolution of the migration process as a whole. The article suggests that research as described above will expand and deepen our understanding of the temporal and spatial patterns of migration and their formulating mechanisms, and contribute to the development of relevant theories.

Key words: migration, temporal process, spatial effects, China

中图分类号: 

  • F291.1