地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (6): 846-854.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.06.006

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东北地区城市经济联系的空间格局及其演化

赵东霞1,2(), 韩增林1, 赵彪3   

  1. 1. 辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连 116029
    2.辽宁师范大学管理学院,辽宁 大连 116029
    3.华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-17 修回日期:2015-08-19 出版日期:2016-10-20 发布日期:2016-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵东霞(1979-),女,黑龙江哈尔滨人,博士,副教授,主要从事人文地理与区域可持续发展研究。E-mail: zhaodx99@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571122)资助

Spatial Framework and Change of the Northeast China’s Economic Links

Dongxia Zhao1,2(), Zenglin Han1, Biao Zhao3   

  1. 1.Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    2.College of Management Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    3. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2015-05-17 Revised:2015-08-19 Online:2016-10-20 Published:2016-10-20
  • Supported by:
    National Nature Science Foundation of China (41571122)

摘要:

基于空间相互作用的重力模型、潜能模型、隶属度模型等方法,以东北地区41个城市为研究对象,定量分析1992~2012年东北地区城市经济联系的空间格局及其演化。研究结果表明:经济联系强度与区域空间结构关系密切;东北地区经济联系强度南方高于北方、中部地区高于两侧,时空差异明显;近20 a来,以沈阳、长春、哈尔滨为代表的区域性经济发展格局基本形成,区域中心城市没有变化,但最大引力联结城市变化明显;最后,提出了流域型城市及其格局的概念,并进行了具体分析。

关键词: 空间经济联系, 流域型城市, 重力模型, 东北地区

Abstract:

The research on the economic interaction among cities is beneficial to understand the spatial organization of regions and urban economy, to clarify the space developing orientation of regions and city entities, and to organize transportation reasonably. It provides references for the guiding and strengthening of regional and urban spatial interactions, and the optimization of spatial structure of urban system. Based on the methods of Gravity Model, Potential Model and Subjection Model which are interacted in space, this research quantitatively analyzes the spatial pattern and evolution of the urban economic links in the northeast region from 1992 to 2012, taking 41 cities in the northeastern China as study objects. It provides references for strengthening the spatial interaction among cities in the northeast region and promoting the economic sustainable development in the cities of the northeast region. The result of the study shows that there is close relationship between the economic relation intensity and regional spatial structure, the more intense the economic relation is, the more complicated the regional spatial structure will be. In the northeastern China, the time-space differences are significant that the economic relation intensity in the south is higher than in the north and it is higher in the middle part than on the two sides. In the recent 20 years, the regional economic development pattern represented by Shenyang, Changchun and Harbin has been formed. There is no change in the cities in the center of the region but the closest linkage among cities changed distinctively. The economic development in the northeastern China presents feature from south to north and from middle to sides. Finally, this article puts forward the concept of River Basin City and its pattern, and makes a concrete analysis.

Key words: spatial economic links, river basin city, gravity model, the northeastern China

中图分类号: 

  • K902