地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (7): 1091-1098.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2016.07.016

• • 上一篇    下一篇

澧阳平原晚更新世晚期至全新世早中期环境演变及其对人类活动的影响

郭媛媛1(), 莫多闻2, 毛龙江3, 郭伟民4   

  1. 1. 临沂大学资源环境学院, 山东 临沂 276000
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学院/教育部地表过程分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京100871
    3. 南京信息工程大学海洋科学学院, 江苏 南京210044
    4. 湖南省文物考古研究所, 湖南 长沙410008
  • 收稿日期:2015-10-20 修回日期:2016-01-04 出版日期:2016-07-20 发布日期:2016-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:郭媛媛(1983-),女,山东临沂人,讲师,博士,主要从事环境演变与环境考古方面的研究。E-mail:yygpku@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划项目(2013BAK08B02)、国家自然科学基金项目(41271228, 41171006,41072138)、国家社科基金重大项目(11&ZD183)资助

The Environmental Change of Late Pleistocene to Early and Middle Holocene and Its Impact on Human Activities in Liyang Plain, Hunan Province, China

Yuanyuan Guo1(), Duowen Mo2, Longjiang Mao3, Weimin Guo4   

  1. 1.College of Resource and Environment, Linyi University, Linyi 276000, Shandong, China
    2. Laboratory for Earth Surface Process, Ministry of Education, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    3. College of Marine Science, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, Jiangsu, China
    4. Hunan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Changsha 410008, Hunan, China
  • Received:2015-10-20 Revised:2016-01-04 Online:2016-07-20 Published:2016-07-20
  • Supported by:
    National Science and Technology Supporting Project (2013BAK08B02), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41271228, 41171006, 41072138), National Social Science Foundation of China (11&ZD183)

摘要:

通过对澧阳平原野外调查,多剖面地层对比分析及岩板垱(YBD)剖面样品的粒度、地球化学元素分析和年代测定,揭示该区晚更新世晚期至全新世早中期环境演变,并探讨其对人类活动的影响。研究结果表明,30~6 ka B.P.间,澧阳平原由冲沟发育的黄土台地向河湖发育的平原丘岗地貌过渡;气候环境经历了弱暖湿-气候变差-凉湿-波动回暖-暖湿的变化;更新世末至全新世早期稻作农业的出现与该区的环境条件和文化基础密切相关;环境演变也推动了古人类活动范围和聚落特征的变化。

关键词: 澧阳平原, 环境演变, 人类活动, 稻作农业

Abstract:

Based on detailed field surveys, comparison of strata of typical profiles and experimental analysis (including grain size, geochemical analysis and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating) of samples collected at the Yanbangdang (YBD) site, we explored the environmental evolution from Late Pleistocene to Middle Holocene and its impact on human activities, especially on the origin and development of rice agriculture in Liyang Plain. The results showed that the climate of the Liyang Pain during 30-6 ka B.P. experienced five stages: relatively warm and humid in the Late Pleistocene, cool and humid during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), fluctuated warming in the terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene, and warm and humid during the Middle Holocene. In the Late Pleistocene, landforms of the Liyang Plain were characterized by tablelands drained by rivers and gullies in the Late Pleistocene, with topographic relief much higher than present. As climatic amelioration during the terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene, continuous filling and siltation occurred in Liyang Plain and large areas of wetland was formed. Landscapes of the Liyang Plain at this time were mainly plains and hillocks with dense rivers and lakes and the topographic relief was gradually reduced. During the Middle Holocene, landforms of Liyang Plain were mainly alluvial and lacustrine plains with scattered mounds and hillocks. Under the relatively suitable environmental condition of the Late Pleistocene, the Late Paleolithic human activities existed continuously in Liyang Plain especially in the surrounding mountain and hill areas. Climate cooling during the LGM did not cause severe damages to regional ecosystem and ancient people also took steps to temperature drop, which allowed continued development of transitional culture from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic in Liyang Plain. Liyang Plain had favorable environmental conditions (e.g., abundant moisture, proper temperature, suitable landforms and rich fertile soil) and solid cultural foundation (continuous human activities and a long history of rice exploitation) in Early Holocene, which contributed to the origin and development of rice agriculture in this area. The warm and humid of the Middle Holocene climate promoted rice agriculture to a new level and the Neolithic culture expanded to the lower flat plain areas.

Key words: Liyang Plain, environmental changes, human activities, rice agriculture

中图分类号: 

  • P595