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地理科学    2017, Vol. 37 Issue (1): 1-10     DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.01.001
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渤海海峡跨海通道建设与中国的地缘政治战略
孙峰华1(),陆大道2(),代合治3,申晓燕4,王茜茜4,徐建斌5
1.鲁东大学环渤海发展研究院,山东 烟台 264025
2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
3. 曲阜师范大学地理与旅游学院,山东 日照 276800
4. 鲁东大学资源与环境工程学院,山东 烟台 264025
5.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东 广州510275
The Construction of Trans-Bohai Strait Passageway and Its Geopolitical Strategies of China
Fenghua Sun1(),Dadao Lu2(),Hezhi Dai3,Xiaoyan Shen4,Xixi Wang4,Jianbin Xu5
1.Development Research Center of the Region Encircling the Bohai Sea, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, Shandong, China
2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Science,Beijing 100101, China
3. School of Geography & Tourism, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao 276826, Shandong, China;
4. School of Resources & Environmental Engineering, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, Shandong, China;
5. School of Geography and Planning, SunYat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
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摘要 

回顾渤海海峡跨海通道建设研究的历史进程基础上,诠释了地缘政治理论与地缘政治战略,梳理了主要的中外地缘政治理论与地缘政治战略,明确指出地缘政治战略决定着大国竞争方向。中国是世界上地缘政治环境最复杂的国家,在中国周边长期存在着一个“V”字型地缘政治热点线,“V”字型地缘政治热点线贯穿中国周边的东南亚、东北亚、南亚、北亚、中亚五大地缘政治战略区,构成了中国的地缘政治“大棋局”。东南亚中国南海之争直接威胁到中国领土安全;目前东北亚已成为中国地缘政治关系热点中的热点;南亚存在着中印陆海长期之争;北亚俄罗斯将会成为战略合作伙伴;中亚复杂的地缘政治因素将长期影响着中国西北边疆的安全。研究表明,渤海海峡跨海通道建设对于中国实施地缘政治战略的重要意义在于: 对下好中国的地缘政治“大棋局”起着重要的支撑作用; 是“一带一路”战略破解美国亚太再平衡战略的重要构成要素;对遏制东北亚局部战争、确保国家安全将发挥重要作用。渤海海峡跨海通道建设是一项世界级的大工程,投资建设的成本大,效益也大,同时风险也大。基于此,要汲取国内外世界级大工程建设的经验和教训,认真研究相关问题,不可急功近利草率上马。

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孙峰华
陆大道
代合治
申晓燕
王茜茜
徐建斌
关键词 渤海海峡跨海通道中国地缘政治战略 
Abstract

Firstly, this article reviewed the research of the construction of Trans-Bohai Strait Passageway. The interpretation of the theory of geopolitics and geopolitical strategy, the main foreign geopolitics and geopolitical strategy were summarized. Then it clearly pointed out that the geopolitical strategy determines the direction of competitive power. China has the most complex geopolitical environment in the world, because the "V" shape geopolitical hot line exists around China for long time. China's geopolitical "great game" is made up of the "V" shape geopolitical hot line which passes through five geo-political strategy of district, surrounding China, such as Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia, South Asia, North Asia, and Central Asia. The dispute over the South China Sea is a direct threat to the safety of China's territory. Northeast Asia has become a hot spot in China's geopolitical relations. There is a long-time battle between China and India in South Asia. Russia will become an important Strategic partner of China in North Asia. The complex geopolitical factors of Central Asia will affect China's northwest frontier safety for a long time. The great geopolitical game of China must be well played to ensure the safety of China's geopolitical strategic problem. The study shows that there is of great significance for the construction of trans-Bohai strait passageway and its geopolitical strategies of China. Firstly, the construction of trans-Bohai strait passageway is an important support for playing the great game of China's geopolitical. Then it is an important component of the “one belt one road” strategy which is to break the U.S. Asia Pacific rebalancing strategy. Third, it will play an important role in curbing the local war to ensure national security in Northeast Asia. Trans-Bohai Strait Passageway is a world-class project which has high cost, high income as well as high risk. So we must learn from the experience and lessons of domestic and foreign world-class engineering construction, as well as do research in all relevant issues and we should never be eager for quick back.

Key wordsBohai Strait    trans-strait passage    China    political strategy of district
     出版日期: 2017-03-15
基金资助:国家自然科学基金项目(41171096)、国家社会科学基金特别委托项目(2007@ZH005)、国家软科学重大项目(2700ZXQ4D166)资助
引用本文:   
孙峰华, 陆大道, 代合治等 . 渤海海峡跨海通道建设与中国的地缘政治战略[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(1): 1-10.
Fenghua Sun, Dadao Lu, Hezhi Dai et al . The Construction of Trans-Bohai Strait Passageway and Its Geopolitical Strategies of China[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2017, 37(1): 1-10.
链接本文:  
http://geoscien.neigae.ac.cn/CN/10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.01.001      或      http://geoscien.neigae.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V37/I1/1
地缘政治理论 提出者 国家
国家有机体学说、生存空间论[12] 拉采尔(Friedrich Ratzel) 德国
海权论[13] 马汉(Alfred Thayer Mahan) 美国
陆权论[14] 麦金德(Mackinder, Sir Halford John) 英国
空权论[15] 朱利奥·杜黑(Giulio Douhet) 意大利
泛区论 (panregion) [16] 卡尔·豪斯霍费尔(Karl Haushofer ) 德国
“高边疆”战略论[17] 格雷厄姆 (Daniel O Graham) 美国
边缘地带理论[18] 斯皮克曼(Nicholas John Spykman) 美国
航天理论和北极中心论[19] 塞维尔斯基(Alexander de Seversky) 美国
空中国防论[20] 威廉·米切尔 (William Mitchell) 美国
“多极世界”模型[21] 柯恩(Saul Betnard Cohen) 美国
大棋局(跨欧亚安全体系)[22] 布热津斯基(Zbigniew Brzezinski) 美国
“一条线、一大片、三个世界”理论[23] 毛泽东 中国
Table 1  主要的地缘政治理论与地缘政治战略
Fig.1  中国周边“V”字型地缘政治热点线
Fig.2  中国周边五大地缘政治战略区
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