地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 19-27.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.01.003

• • 上一篇    下一篇

高铁开通前后站区产业空间格局变动及驱动机制——以沪宁城际南京站为例

王丽1(), 曹有挥2, 仇方道3()   

  1. 1.江苏第二师范学院城市与资源环境学院,江苏 南京 210013
    2.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,江苏 南京210008
    3.江苏师范大学城市与环境学院,江苏 徐州 221116
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-27 修回日期:2016-05-15 出版日期:2017-01-15 发布日期:2017-01-15
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王丽(1980-)女,江苏徐州人,副教授,博士,主要从事交通运输地理学研究。E-mail: sshywangli@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41301104,41371146)、江苏省高校自然科学基金项目(15KJB170002,13KJB170002)、江苏省高校哲学社会科学基金项目(2016SJB790023)、江苏省高校“青蓝工程”优秀青年骨干教师项目资助

Spatial Change and Driving Mechanism of the Industry in Regions of HSR Stations Before and After the Opening: A Case Study of Nanjing HSR Station

Li Wang1(), Youhui Cao2, Fangdao Qiu3()   

  1. 1. Jiangsu Second Normal University, Nanjing 210013, Jiangsu, China
    2.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, China
    3. School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2016-01-27 Revised:2016-05-15 Online:2017-01-15 Published:2017-01-15
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41301104, 41371146), Natural Science Fund Project of Colleges in Jiangsu (15KJB170002, 13KJB170002),Philosophy and Social Sciences Fund Project of Colleges in Jiangsu (2016SJB790023),Program for Young Scholar Sponsored by Qing Lan Project of Colleges and Universities of Jiangsu Province.

摘要:

基于企业微观数据,定量刻画高铁开通前后站区产业空间格局变动,并诊断和确定在不同阶段的关键驱动要素及其贡献度。结果表明,高铁站区产业空间具有明显的圈层结构,但“以高铁站点为中心的向心集聚”在高铁开通初始阶段尚不明显,开发强度并不随着与站点距离增加而降低,核心区的开发强度小于影响区。除了圈层空间分异之外,产业分层集聚态势凸显,与高铁乘客的商务特征相对应的商务服务业在高铁开通后空间集聚程度明显高于其他几类产业;批发零售业、居民服务业和科技服务业与高铁开通相关性不明显;交通运输业和住宿餐饮业作为交通站区的基础服务产业,相关程度介于以上两类之间。从内外两方面驱动因素构建的高铁站区产业空间格局变动模型分析得出,除了交通条件、外部规模经济等传统区位因素外,产业属性、地价对高铁站区产业空间格局的变动有较大影响。

关键词: 高铁站区, 产业空间格局变动, 沪宁城际南京站

Abstract:

Compared with other regional urban areas, high-speed rail station has become a key strategic node of national space policy, not only because it is undergoing high intensity of investment, but also because it is witnessing greater pressure of development. It is necessary to shift the focus from the traffic node as it is to “node-city” planning, which includes space evolution and space optimization of industry in regions of High-speed railway (HSR) stations. Based on the progress of industry development in regions of typical HSR stations in foreign countries, and related theoretical frameworks including the growth pole theory and circle theory, this article aims to deduce the evolution characteristics, evolution mechanisms and different phases of industry space in regions of Nanjing Station, which is the key station of Shanghai-Nanjing Intercity high-speed railway. The questionnaires are surveyed including the passengers’ travel destination, traffic mode choice and the travel distance. Based on the enterprise database, we measure the change characteristics and investigate the dynamic mechanism of industry space in regions of HSR station before and after the opening in Nanjing. The research shows that, firstly, industry space has an obvious circle structure in regions of HSR station. In the initial stage of the opening, the concentric agglomeration as the center of HSR station is not obvious. On the contrary, the development intensity does not decrease from the site to the edge, that is to say, the core area is less than the affected area. Secondly, in addition to circle differentiation, layer agglomeration of industry space turned to be clear. Agglomeration level of business service industry, which is corresponding to the business affairs of passengers, is significantly higher than that of several other types of industry such as science and technology industry. Transportation and accommodation catering industry, as basic service industry in regions of HSR station, are between the above two categories. The spatial distribution patterns are generally identified in three modes of concentration. Business service industry and transportation industry have a "small scatter, large cluster" mode, that is, the spatial distribution of companies show relative concentration and form a single hotspot. Lastly, this article analyzes the dynamic mechanism of spatial structure evolution from both internal and external aspects. Besides traditional location factors such as traffic factor and agglomeration economy, industry property and land value have a great influence on the change of industry space in regions of HSR station before and after the opening in Nanjing. The results above confirm the kernel density estimation. In the end, we put forward some prospects for accessing the spatial effect in regions of HSR stations. Taking into consideration the time cost, the distance cost and other comprehensive transportation costs, the researchers synthetically reflect on the rationality of existing industry location, and put forward the direction of optimization and corresponding policy recommendations.

Key words: regions of HSR station, change of space structure, Nanjing station of intercity HSR between Nanjing and Shanghai

中图分类号: 

  • F062.9