地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 72-82.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.01.009

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河南承接制造业转移的时空格局研究

段小薇1,2(), 苗长虹1,2(), 赵建吉1   

  1. 1.河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心暨黄河文明传承与现代文明建设河南省协同创新中心,河南 开封 475001
    2. 河南大学环境与规划学院,河南 开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-07 修回日期:2016-01-15 出版日期:2017-01-15 发布日期:2017-01-15
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:段小薇(1989-),女,河南洛阳人,博士研究生,主要从事区域经济发展研究。E-mail:xwduan99@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目 (41430637)、国家自然科学基金项目 (41301115)、河南省高等学校哲学社会科学创新团队支持计划项目(2012-CXTD-04)、河南省高等学校哲学社会科学研究“三重”重大项目 (2014-SZZD-20)资助

Spatio-temporal Pattern of Undertaking Manufacturing’s Transfer in Henan Province

Xiaowei Duan1,2(), Changhong Miao1,2(), Jianji Zhao1   

  1. 1.Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development & Collaborative Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization of Henan Province, Henan University,Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China;
    2.College of Environment and Planning, Henan University,Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China
  • Received:2015-12-07 Revised:2016-01-15 Online:2017-01-15 Published:2017-01-15
  • Supported by:
    Major Program of National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (41430637 ), National Nature Sciences Foundation of China (41301115), Philosophy and Social Sciences Innovation Team of Henan Province (2012-CXTD-04 ), Major Program of Philosophy and Social Sciences of Henan Province (2014-SZZD-20).

摘要:

基于2000~2009年中国大中型企业数据库数据,利用产业转移承接指数、地区专业化和多样化指数、改进的偏离份额分析等方法,从时间、空间以及行业-区位等维度对河南承接制造业产业转移的时空格局进行研究。结果表明:时间趋势上,河南承接国内外制造业转移规模持续增大,承接行业类型显著增多;轻工业比重高于重工业,资本密集型行业明显增加。空间格局上,基本呈现出以中原城市群为中心的核心-外围模式,豫北地区承接制造业转移规模逐渐降低,而黄淮地区显著增强。各地市在制造业总体、轻工业、重工业以及劳动密集型、资本密集型和技术密集型行业的承接上,呈现出增强型、减弱型、补缺型、抵消型等不同的特征;专业化和多样化承接的组合类型城市之间也明显不同,地市间承接制造业转移的行业存在雷同,但多数转移行业受地理临近性的影响不显著。行业-区位组合上,劳动密集的轻工业和资本密集的重工业的集聚效应非常明显,而技术密集型行业对区位优势的指向性很强。

关键词: 制造业转移, 产业转移承接指数, 河南省

Abstract:

Based on the large and medium-sized enterprises database of China from 2000 to 2009, and by selecting the methods of industrial transfer undertaking index, regional specialization and diversity index, improved shift-share analysis, this article analyzed the temporal and spatial pattern of undertaking manufacturing industry transfer in Henan Province. The results showed that: 1) Since 2005, the scale of undertaking domestic and international manufacturing industry transfer has been increasing obviously; The undertaking proportion of light industry has been higher than the heavy industry; The amount of capital-intensive industry and the number of undertaking industry type have increased significantly. 2) The spatial pattern of undertaking manufacturing transfer presents core-periphery structure which is centered on Zhongyuan urban agglomeration; The undertaking trend in the northern Henan tends to be weak obviously, while the trend in Huanghuai economic zone increases significantly; The undertaking trends with reference to different industry types like manufacturing, light-heavy industry and factor-intensive industry in 18 municipalities could be classified four types: enhanced, weakened, fill vacancy and neutralized; The undertaking combination types of specialization and diversification in 18 municipalities are also different; The industries with the same sub-industry undertaking are often similar among cities, but the transfer of many manufacture industries is not obvious affected by geographical proximity. 3) The agglomeration effects in light and resource-intensive industry are very obvious, while the undertaking in technology-intensive industries preferred to those cities with location advantages.

Key words: manufacturing industry transfer, industrial transfer undertake index, Henan Province

中图分类号: 

  • F27