地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (3): 367-374.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.03.006

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辽宁省14市与长山群岛旅游空间相互作用研究

王辉1,2(), 马婧1, 刘小宇3, 柯丽娜1   

  1. 1.辽宁师范大学城市与环境学院,辽宁 大连116029
    2.辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连 116029
    3.辽宁师范大学历史文化旅游学院,辽宁 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-03 修回日期:2016-11-03 出版日期:2017-03-20 发布日期:2017-03-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王辉(1975-),女,满族,辽宁葫芦岛人,博士,教授,主要从事旅游地理研究。E-mail:wanghuiouki@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41301160)、教育部人文社科重点研究基地项目(15JJD790038)资助

Tourism Spatial Mutual Effects of Changshan Islands and 14 Cities in Liaoning Province

Hui Wang1,2(), Jing Ma1, Xiaoyu Liu3, Lina Ke2   

  1. 1.College of Urban and Environmental Science, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    2.Center For Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    3.College of Historical and Cultural Tourism, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116081, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2016-06-03 Revised:2016-11-03 Online:2017-03-20 Published:2017-03-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (41301160), The Ministry of Education Humanities and Social Sciences Key Research Base Projects (15JJD790038)

摘要:

运用旅游空间相互作用理论,以旅游人数、旅游总收入为基础数据,利用旅游空间相互作用模型,测算辽宁省14市、长山群岛与辽宁省14市及长山诸岛3个层次的旅游空间相互作用强度、经济联系度及经济隶属度。得出结论:① 各层级间空间相互作用强度、经济联系度及经济隶属度与距离呈负相关,区域间的空间相互作用强度、经济联系度及经济隶属度随距离增大逐渐减小; 城市间经济联系度越强,旅游空间相互作用越大,与海岛旅游空间相互作用就越频繁;③ 通过对长山群岛旅游断裂点测算,得出其主要潜在客源地为大连、沈阳、丹东市。

关键词: 陆岛旅游一体化, 空间相互作用, 长山群岛, 辽宁省14市

Abstract:

Land is the premise and guarantee of island tourism development, ocean exploration and development of space new land, so the island tourism interactive development has become one of the hot issues in academic circles. In recent years, with the development of marine economy, experts and scholars in various fields pay more and more attention to the sustainable development of marine economy. So island tourism has become an indispensable part. “land-island tourism integration” not only promotes the objective needs of the island's economic development, but also realizes the actual requirements of the development concept about “innovation, coordination, green, open, and sharing”. As is well known, with the economic globalization and regional economic integration becoming deeper, the economic relation and cooperation between regions also become stronger. Every region can not obtain any development in the state of isolation, except for the development of island tourism , so island tourism needs the powerful economic support of the country. Taking Changshan Islands and the 14 cities in Liaoning Province as an example, the author analyzed the relationship of tourism spatial mutual effects between islands and cities in mainland . These relationships have three basic conditions: tourism function complementary, the transferability of tourism elements and the opportunity to intervene. Using the spatial interaction intensity, the economic connection degree and the economic membership degree and other quantitative methods, the author drew the interaction and economic membership degree of different characteristics between the 14 cities, Changshan Islands and the 14 cities and Changshan islands in Liaoning Province. In order to clarify the relationship between the three in tourism development, this article gave some advice for their different relationship. The author suggested that fistly Changshan Islands and 14 cities in Liaoning Province should be implemented land-island Interaction and mutual benefit; secondly, the 14 cities in Liaoning Province need to cooperating with tourism industry each other, formed Point-Line-Surface comprehensive development; thirdly, the Changshan Islands must establish system to combinated and layer characteristic development of each island. The author summarized this part and gave opinions: 1) the interaction of tourism space, with the increase of the distance between the tourism economic link degree, the 14 cities in Liaoning Province and Changshan Islands showed negative correlation; 2) the greater between the city tourism economic link degree and the stronger interaction of tourism space, mutual and island tourism spatial effect more frequently; 3) according to the travel breaking point formula, Shenyang, Dalian and Dandong are the potential resources of tourism in Changshan islands. As is shown above, the author thought that the island tourist development need depending on land economical development, playing with land economy power and radiation force, and achieving mainland-island tourism integration.

Key words: land-island tourism integration, spatial mutual effects, Changshan Islands, 14 cities in Liaoning Province

中图分类号: 

  • K902