地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): 563-572.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.04.010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于3S技术的城乡一体化进程监测评价方法及应用——以浙江嘉善县为例

王宏志1(), 黄欢欢1, 徐新良2(), 王靓2,3   

  1. 1.地理过程分析与模拟湖北省重点实验室/华中师范大学城市与环境科学学院, 湖北 武汉 430079
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所/资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
    3.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-28 修回日期:2016-07-11 出版日期:2017-04-25 发布日期:2017-04-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王宏志(1966-),女,宁夏银川人,博士,教授,博导,主要从事土地信息系统和环境生态等方面的研究。E-mail: whz1237@hotmail.com

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院重点部署项目(KJZD-EW-TZ-G10)、中国科学院高分辨率对地观测系统重大专项项目(00-Y30B15-9001-14/16)、中国科学院特色研究所培育建设服务项目(TSYJS03)资助

Evaluation Method and Its Application of Urban-rural Integration Progress Based on 3S Technology: A Case Study of Jiashan County, Zhejiang

Hongzhi Wang1(), Huanhuan Huang1, Xinliang Xu2(), Liang Wang2,3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory for Geographical Process Analysis and Simulation of Hubei Province, Urban and Environmental Science College, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information Systems, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-04-28 Revised:2016-07-11 Online:2017-04-25 Published:2017-04-25
  • Supported by:
    Major Development Program of The Chinese Academy of Sciences (KJZD-EW-TZ-G10), Import National Project of High-resolution Earth Observation System, Chinese Academy of Sciences (00-Y30B15-9001-14/16), Foster Construction Services Project of Institute of Characteristics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (TSYJS03)

摘要:

基于3S技术构建城乡一体化进程监测评价指标体系和综合评价模型,以浙江嘉善县为例开展监测评价。结果表明:嘉善县各乡镇城乡一体化程度综合指数差值不超过1.95倍,发展较均衡;2003~2015年间人口城镇化率上升了20.4%;各乡镇内部道路系统密度差异由18倍缩小到4.3倍,城乡道路网络系统由单核向多核演变;各乡镇城乡收入差距在2倍之内且呈缩小趋势;城乡居民地空间布局比较均衡,城镇带动周边农村居民点快速发展。该指标体系在客观性和空间表达等方面发展了城乡统筹定量研究方法。

关键词: 城乡一体化, 监测评价, 3S技术, 嘉善县

Abstract:

At present, most studies in urban-rural integration conduct quantitative researches using statistical indexes, which are fairly subjective. Through 3S technology, this study advanced an evaluation index system and comprehensive evaluation model of urban-rural integration, based on which a series of systematic monitoring work was carried out in Jiashan, Zhejiang Province. The results showed that the maximum composite index of urban-rural integration degree was only 1.95 times larger than the minimum one, which showed a great balance; During 2003-2015, the rate of urbanization population has increased by 20.4%; The difference between the maximum and minimum value of road network density decreased from 18 times to 4.3 times, and the road network system changed from single-core to multi-core; The income gap between urban and rural was well controlled within 2 times with a narrowing trend; The spatial distribution of urban and rural habitation was relatively uniform, and the rapid expansion of urban areas would boost the development of surrounding rural residential areas. The index system has helped develop the quantitative methods of urban-rural integration studies in terms of objectivity and spatial expression.

Key words: urban-rural integration, monitoring and evaluation, 3S technology, Jiashan County

中图分类号: 

  • TP182