地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (6): 833-840.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.06.004

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

产业转型背景下创业区位选择和集群空间演化

符文颖(), 邓金玲   

  1. 华南师范大学地理科学学院, 广州 广东 510631
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-01 修回日期:2016-11-03 出版日期:2017-06-20 发布日期:2017-06-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:符文颖(1984-),女,海南海口人,副教授,主要研究方向为产业集群和区域创新创业。E-mail: fuwenying@m.scnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41301109)、国家自然科学基金重点项目(41630635)资助

Locational Choice of Start-ups and Spatial Evolution of Clusters in the Context of Industrial Restructuring

Wenying Fu(), Jinling Deng   

  1. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2016-09-01 Revised:2016-11-03 Online:2017-06-20 Published:2017-06-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (41301109), Key Program of National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (41630635)

摘要:

以广州软件和信息技术产业集群为案例,分析产业范式转变背景下地方创业区位选择对产业集群空间演化的影响。结果显示:初始资源富集和政策环境导向使特定空间成为创业的优势区位,早期第一代创业企业在其中集聚发展形成集群雏形,并在关系网络和区域认同作用下形成产业集群空间核心区。第二代创业企业在产业转型契机下选择开拓缝隙市场,新的区位诉求由此产生并作用在集群的空间演化上。总的来说,产业转型期同时也是集群空间转变的关键时期,创业企业通过区位选择可以改变集群的空间形态和层次。

关键词: 创业企业, 产业集群, 空间演化, 软件产业, 广州

Abstract:

Location is one of the most important ways for firms to accumulate resources, making locational choice the fundamental strategy of firm development. Using the case of Guangzhou software industry cluster and the research method of in-depth interviews, the paper analyzes the influence of start-ups’ locational choice on the spatial evolution of industrial cluster. The result shows the restructuring of industrial paradigm, including the technological and market ones, leads to the transformation of spatial change in the industrial cluster, and it proposes the argument that start-ups create space in the sense that it is able to extend the spatial boundary and shape spatial morphology of the industrial clusters. The first generation of software start-ups agglomerate in the place where there are abundant resources released from the declining state-owned sector and supportive policy environment. The start-ups have gradually build up the relational networks and identity on cluster reputation, leading to the formation of the spatial core of the Guangzhou software industry cluster. Nevertheless, the technological change and market transformation could alter the locational preferences of the start-ups and thus dampens the locational advantage of the pre-existing cores. The second generation of start-ups, established in the wave of rapidly-developed mobile internet and newly-emerged internet plus era, take more efforts in discovering niche market by diversifying into and integrating with other industries in order to avoid direct competition with mature firms in saturated software market. The new generation of start-ups are then able to break through the boundary of the spatial core of the industrial cluster and reduces the disadvantages of dislocating from the cores to a great extent by efficiently combing technological and market innovation. The research has contributed to the understanding on the spatial processes of new economic phenomenon, in this case the start-ups, and thus the broad debate in the evolutionary economic geography on the role of space in times of new technology development and new industry paradigm shift. Finally, the policy implication has been given, suggesting that local governments could intervene in nurturing new growth space for industrial clusters in particular when industry restructuring occurs.

Key words: start-up firms, industrial cluster, spatial evolution, software industry, Guangzhou

中图分类号: 

  • K902