地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (7): 976-986.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.07.002

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全球化背景下在华跨国移民社区的空间生产——广州远景路韩国人聚居区的案例研究

刘云刚(), 周雯婷(), 黄徐璐, 全志英   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院/广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室, 广东 广州 510275
  • 出版日期:2017-07-20 发布日期:2017-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘云刚(1973-),男,内蒙古呼和浩特人,教授,博导,主要从事城市地理学、政治地理学、生活空间论研究。E-mail:liuyung@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571130,41271165)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金、中国西南地缘环境与边疆发展协同创新中心、中国博士后科学基金(2016M592563)资助

Production of Space of South Korean Enclave in Yuanjing Road, Guangzhou

Yungang Liu(), Wenting Zhou(), Xulu Huang, Jeon Ji-Young   

  1. School of Geography and Planning, Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, SUN Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
  • Online:2017-07-20 Published:2017-07-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (41571130, 41271165), The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical Setting of Southwest China and Borderland Development (YNNU), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2016M592563)

摘要:

运用问卷和半结构化访谈的方法,梳理了远景路从城中村到跨国移民社区的空间生产过程。研究显示,广州远景路已形成以韩商为主的贸易产业链和韩国人与本地村民、外来人口混居的跨国移民社区,其中白云区政府、投资开发商和韩商三者共同参与,推动了远景路韩国人聚居区的空间形成。

关键词: 跨国移民社区, 空间生产, 城中村, 韩国人, 广州远景路

Abstract:

Against the context of high-speed economic growth in China, the number of South Koreans who have expatriated to China soared over the last two decades. This increase has made China the third largest destination for South Korean Transmigrants among all nations, following only USA and Japan. The South Korean transmigrants mainly lived in major metropolises such as Beijing, Guangzhou and Shanghai. With the population growth of South Korean transmigrants in Chinese cities, now many South Korean enclaves have established and attracted attention both in China and abroad. However, compared to the foreign enclaves in Beijing and Shanghai coming from immigration policy and specific districts such as the economic and technological development zone, and embassy District, Yuanjing Road in Guangzhou got rid of the mark of impoverished urban village (Tangxia village) in Baiyun district, and transformed into a South Korean enclave mainly resided by South Korean traders. Based on the theory of production of space, this research sheds light upon the Yuanjing Road, taking it as a case to examine the production of space of this South Korean enclave, and first-hand data were gathered from questionnaires and interviews in February, May,October 2015 and September 2016. In the context of commodity chains and regional divisions of labor in an age of globalization, and transnational entrepreneurialism booming in Guangzhou, the local government took advantage of the situation that some South Korean traders have assembled in Yuanjing Road, and then put forward the construction of a Korean town at Yuanjing Road. Also, the local government, associating with investors, reconstructed the material space of the Yuanjing Road. At the same time, the South Korean traders strengthened their living and working foundation in the Yuanjing Road through three factors: the location advantage (next to some wholesale trade markets), social network connected to transnational trade chain, and Korean ethnic economy. Therefore, the South Korean traders succeed in occupying the space of the Yuanjing Road, and in redeveloping the social relations there. In summary, this study found that the Yuanjing Road’s transformation from an urban village to a South Korean enclave is a joint product of the local government, investors, and South Korean traders. As the result of production of space, the Yuanjing Road has become the place of transnational trade chain between China and South Korea, also the living space of diversify groups including the South Korean transmigrants, villagers, and migrant populations. The production of space of South Korean enclave in the Yuanjing Road, gives us a valuable lesson of the urban villages’ reconstruction in China, and also introduced ideas for immigration management to Guangzhou.

Key words: international community, production of space, urban village, South Korean transmigrants, the Yuanjing Road of Guangzhou

中图分类号: 

  • K901.2