地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (7): 1032-1039.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.07.008

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基于精明发展的城市绩效与生态环境耦合研究——以哈长城市群为例

魏璐瑶(), 陈晓红()   

  1. 哈尔滨师范大学地理科学学院,黑龙江 哈尔滨 150025
  • 出版日期:2017-07-20 发布日期:2017-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:魏璐瑶(1992-),女,吉林吉林人,硕士,研究方向为区域规划与可持续发展。E-mail:lmyxpeking@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41101548)、2016年黑龙江经济社会发展重点研究课题(基地专项)(JD2016014)、2016年度黑龙江省哲学社会科学研究规划项目(16JBL01)、哈尔滨师范大学人文社会科学优秀青年学者支持项目(SYQ2014-06)资助

Coupling Research Between Urban Performance and Ecological Environment Based on Smart Development: A Case Study of Harbin-Changchun City Group

Luyao Wei(), Xiaohong Chen()   

  1. College of Geographical Science, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150025, Heilongjiang, China
  • Online:2017-07-20 Published:2017-07-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41101548);Key Research Projects of Economic and Social Development in Heilongjiang Province(JD2016014);Philosophy and Social Science Research Program of Heilongjiang Province in 2016(16JBL01);Human Civilization and Social Science Supportive Program for Excellent Young Scholars of Harbin Normal University(SYQ2014-06)

摘要:

城市精明发展与生态环境耦合协调是形成节约型空间格局和可持续发展的重要战略目标。基于“十一五”规划基期2006年至“十二五”规划后期2014年以来的哈长城市群统计数据,从空间发展维度、福利发展维度、消耗发展维度和管理发展维度考量哈长城市群城市绩效的精明发展程度,从而在构建耦合协调度模型的基础上对哈长城市群总体耦合协调发展程度、空间耦合协调特征进行分析。结果表明:“十一五”规划期间哈长城市群城市绩效与生态环境之间综合发展水平、耦合协调程度均实现西部集聚式空间分布,东部地区综合发展水平有待提高,耦合协调性亟待实现均衡式发展;“十二五”规划时期二者综合发展水平仍以哈长城市群西部为优势区域,耦合协调程度再次呈现分散式布局。2006~2014年研究期内哈长城市群除长春市、吉林市和绥化市外,城市绩效与生态环境综合发展水平均呈现微弱回落后继续增长的态势,耦合水平则出现明显下滑,仅有四平市、辽源市、哈尔滨市和齐齐哈尔市二者协调关系正向积极推进。哈长城市群整体城市绩效与生态环境综合发展水平、耦合强度和协调程度不高,但是区域分布差异相对明显,综合发展水平与耦合协调度之间存在一定的空间对应关系,总体实现空间良性共振。

关键词: 精明发展, 城市绩效, 生态环境, 耦合协调, 哈长城市群

Abstract:

The coupling coordination between urban smart development and ecological environment is the important strategic objective in forming conservation-oriented spatial pattern and sustainable developments. Based on the statistics of Harbin-Changchun City Group from the pre-period Year 2006 of "the eleventh five-year plan"to the later-period Year 2014 of “the twelfth five-year plan”, we should take a further consideration about smart development degree of urban performance within the Harbin-Changchun City Group from the following dimensions such as spatial development dimension, welfare development dimension, consumption development dimension and management development dimension. According to the construction of the coupled coordination model, it analyzes the overall coupling and coordinated development degree, spatial coupling coordination characteristics of Harbin-Changchun City Group is also included. As a result, it shows that: 1) During “the eleventh five-year plan”, the comprehensive development level and coupling coordination degree of urban performance and ecological environment in Harbin-Changchun City Group, both of them realize the gathering spatial distribution in western areas. To the contrast, the comprehensive development level in eastern regions needs to be improved and the coupling coordination should be balanced. During the period of “the twelfth five-year plan”, the comprehensive development level of the two is still dominated by western areas. The degree of coupling coordination shows a decentralized layout again. 2) In the study period from 2006 to 2014, it reveals that the comprehensive development level of urban performance and ecological environment in Harbin-Changchun City Group takes the trends of a little falling and then increasing except Changchun City, Jilin City and Suihua City. However, the coupling coordination degree appears to take an obvious decline and the two coordinating relations are actively promoting only in Siping City, Liaoyuan City, Harbin City and Qiqihar City. 3) In the whole Harbin-Changchun City Group, the comprehensive development level, coupling strength and coordination degree are not of great advantages, in the other hand, it is relatively different in regional distributions. There is a certainly spatial correspondence between comprehensive development levels and coupling coordination degrees. And it makes a benign resonance in the space as a whole. Smart development is an inevitable choice for China’s sustainable development under the background of tight resources and environmental problems. Judging from the degree of coupling coordination in the study area which is regarded as the core corridor and pivot of China’s trade facing towards Russia and Northeast Asia, Harbin-Changchun City Group is also in close cooperation with the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and other vertical hinterlands at the same time. We can make a conclusion that the smart development degree of urban performance is of significant regional difference. Therefore it is particularly important to achieve harmonious and sustainable development of urban performance as well as the ecological environment in order to gradually take pace in smart development path and push forward economic and social new normal development actively especially in Harbin-Changchun City Group.

Key words: smart development, urban performance, ecological environment, coupling coordination, Harbin-Changchun City Group

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9