地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (7): 1059-1068.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.07.011

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基于空间互动模型的兰州市乡村旅游网络中心性分析

李巍(), 赵敏, 严江平, 赵雪雁   

  1. 西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院,甘肃 兰州 730070
  • 出版日期:2017-07-20 发布日期:2017-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李巍(1978-),男,甘肃兰州人,副教授,主要研究方向为城乡规划与旅游景观设计。E-mail: lw_nwnu@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金项目(14BSH029)资助

Rural Tourism Network Centrality of Lanzhou City Based on Spatial Interaction Model

Wei Li(), Min Zhao, Jiangping Yan, Xueyan Zhao   

  1. College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, Gansu, China
  • Online:2017-07-20 Published:2017-07-20
  • Supported by:
    National Social Sciences Foundation of China(14BSH029)

摘要:

基于传统“引力模型”,引入通勤时间、旅游潜力等指标,构建了“旅游空间互动模型”,并以兰州市47个乡村旅游发展重点村为例,采用社会网络分析法剖析了兰州市乡村旅游网络中心性特征,发现:兰州市各村庄的度中心值均高于中介中心,中介中心值均高于向量中心,且主城区周边村庄的中心性普遍高于西北部永登县、东南部榆中县及其他县区所辖村庄的中心性;兰州市乡村旅游网络发育不成熟,空间结构呈现局部紧凑、整体稀疏且发展不均衡的特点;当前兰州市乡村旅游发展以第二层级村庄为主,急需培育第一层级村庄以完善旅游网络中的核心节点。最后,提出优化兰州市乡村旅游网络结构的对策。

关键词: 乡村旅游, 空间互动模型, 空间中心性, 兰州市

Abstract:

Currently, western region’s rural tourism resources in China over a broad area, tourism services spread all over, make rural tourism spatial organization efficiency lower and seriously hindered the development of rural tourism. To this end, it is urgent to find out the characteristics of rural tourism spatial organization and reconstruct the tourism spatial structure. Based on the traditional gravity model, this article constructed the tourism space interaction model, taking 47 rural tourism development focused village of Lanzhou as an example, using social network analysis method, analyzed the characteristics of Lanzhou rural tourism network center, put forward countermeasures to optimize the Lanzhou rural tourism network structure. The results showed that each village centrality values are higher than betweenness centrality, betweenness centrality values are higher than the center vector, and urban area surrounding the village center is generally higher than Yongdeng County of southern and northern Yuzhong County and other counties under the jurisdiction of the village center. The majority central of the Lanzhou rural tourism is the second level of the village, the first level of the village is in urgent need in order to supplement the core nodes in the tourism network. Lanzhou rural tourism network system has not formed yet, the spatial structure of the local compact, the overall sparse and uneven development characteristics. Finally, it puts forward the countermeasures to optimize the structure of rural tourism network in Lanzhou.

Key words: rural tourism, spatial interaction model, spatial centrality, Lanzhou

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9