地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 428-436.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.03.013

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特色种植的空间持续性及其影响因素研究——以河南省封丘县树莓产业为例

吴娜琳1,2(), 李立3, 李二玲1,2, 李小建1,2   

  1. 1.河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心/环境与规划学院/区域发展与规划研究中心, 河南 开封475001
    2.城乡协调发展河南省协同创新中心, 河南 郑州450046
    3.中国农业大学资源与环境学院, 北京 100193
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-07 修回日期:2017-07-16 出版日期:2018-03-21 发布日期:2018-03-21
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:吴娜琳(1985-),女,新疆呼图壁县人,博士,讲师,主要从事农区经济发展研究。E-mail: aijia106@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41501134,41471117,41471105)、中国博士后基金项目(2017M622334)、河南省博士后基金2016年项目(2016170114)、教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(15JJDZONGHE008)、河南省高校科技创新团队支持计划项目(16IRTSTHN012)资助

The Spatial Continuity of Specialized Plantation: A Case Study of Raspberry Farm in Fengqiu County, Henan Province

Nalin Wu1,2(), Li Li3, Erling Li1,2, Xiaojian Li1,2   

  1. 1.Research Center of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development/Collage of Environment and Planning/Institute for Regional Development and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China
    2. Collaborative Innovation Center of Urban-rural Coordinated Development, Zhengzhou 450046, Henan, China
    3. College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China)
  • Received:2017-05-07 Revised:2017-07-16 Online:2018-03-21 Published:2018-03-21
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41501134,41471117,41471105), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2017M622334), Postdoctoral Fund of Henan Province in 2016 (2016170114), Key Project of the Humanities and Social Sciences Research Base in Ministry of Education (15JJDZONGHE008), Program for Innovative Research Team (in Science and Technology) in Universities of Henan Province (16IRTSTHN012).

摘要:

以河南省封丘县树莓产业为例,基于实地调查,从特色种植的空间扩散网络、村域种植规模变化、不同类型村空间分布特征、整体参与村空间集聚特征4方面对特色种植的空间持续性进行分析发现:特色种植空间扩散网络密度低,空间持续性不强,但其变化的空间范围一定,集聚特征明显。运用AMOS21.0对以上现象的影响因素进行分析发现:农户自身特性,尤其是冒险性精神对其持续种植时长影响较大;资金、技术、信息等生产条件获取越便利,农户持续种植时间越长;政府推动对农户持续种植具有正向作用;资源环境,尤其是土壤特性和能人带动对村域种植规模影响深刻;距离区位对村域持续种植的影响弱于基础设施条件。

关键词: 空间扩散, 区域专业化, 农户, 结构方程模型

Abstract:

Regionally specialized agriculture could be promoted by its continuous spatial diffusion of a specific crop in a certain area, which not only improves the efficiency of agricultural production, but also pushes the rapid development of agricultural economy. The spatial distribution of specialized plantation indicates its developing status to some extent. In this article, the spatial continuity of specialized plantation means that the cultivated area of this featured crop spatially continues to extend or shrink. Continuously expansion of this featured crop’s planting within a specific area leads to the regionalized and specialized production of this crop, on the contrary, spatially shrinking of this featured crop’s planting illustrates that its relevant industrial development potential is lack. Therefore, studying on the spatial continuity of specialized plantation and its determinants could explore the formation mechanism of regional specialization in specialized plantation and examine its development problems. Taking the raspberry planting in Fengqiu County, Henan Province, China as an example, based on the survey data and ArcGIS technique, this article analyzes the spatial continuity of specialized plantation from four aspects, that is, spatial diffusion network, the varieties of planting scale in villages, spatial distribution characteristics of different types of villages and spatial agglomeration characteristics of all planting villages. It is shown that, the number of raspberry planting villages, the planting scale and professional degree varied across raspberry planting villages. These findings indicate that the spatial coherence of raspberry planting in Fengqiu County was not strong. The villages which planting raspberry lasting for short-term, for example less than 3 years, were scattered in space, whereas the villages which planting raspberry with a long history were concentrated spatially. In addition, the planting villages which cooperated with different companies or social organizations had different duration in raspberry planting. The villages establishing settled connections with the leading processing enterprises had longer time in planting raspberry. As a whole, all planting villages were concentrated in a limited area. Further more, the Structural Equation Model(SEM) and AMOS 21.0 software were used to explore the influencing factors on the spatial continuity of specialized plantation. It is found that: 1) The individual characteristics of farmers, especially their spirit of adventure had a critical impact on their duration of planting; 2) Farmers with high accessibility to capital, technology, information and other production conditions continuously cultivated this crop longer; 3) Government had a positive effect on the decision of farmers' sustainable planting; 4) Resource environment, especially the fertility of soil, and the able persons significantly impacted on the planting size of the village; 5) The influence of village’s geographic location was weaker than that of infrastructure condition on the sustainable planting of featured crops. Finally, this article puts forward some corresponding policy recommendations for the regional sustainable development of raspberry industry in Fengqiu County and other regionalized industries, such as, cultivating the innovation consciousness of farmers by providing more learning resources for them, improving the agricultural infrastructure conditions, for example, water conservancy facilities, field road and communication facilities and so on, perfecting the agricultural financial service system, encouraging local governments to appropriately intervene their specialization and regionalization of agricultural development.

Key words: spatial diffusion, regional specialization, households, structural equation modeling

中图分类号: 

  • F329.9/F061.5