地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 511-521.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.04.004

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基于政府力和社会力交互作用视角的半城市化地区工业用地演化特征及其机制研究——以佛山市顺德区为例

杨忍1(), 陈燕纯1, 徐茜2()   

  1. 1.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东 广州 510275
    2.广州地理研究所,广东 广州 510070
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-10 修回日期:2017-07-31 出版日期:2018-04-20 发布日期:2018-04-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨忍(1984-),男,贵州毕节人,博士,副教授,硕导,主要从事乡村地理学、土地利用研究。E-mail: yangren0514@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(41401190)、广州市科技计划项目(201707010097)资助

Evolution of Rural Industrial Land Use in Semi-urbanized Areas and Its Multi-dynamic Mechanism: A Case Study of Shunde District in Foshan City

Ren Yang1(), Yanchun Chen1, Qian Xu2()   

  1. 1.School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
    2. Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangzhou 510070, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2017-05-10 Revised:2017-07-31 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2018-04-20
  • Supported by:
    [National Natural Science Foundation of China (41401190), Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou, China (201707010097).]

摘要:

聚焦于乡村工业用地混杂及分散化特征较为显著的佛山市顺德区,系统分析乡村工业用地演化过程和用地特征,并以政府力和社会力的交互机制为分析框架,辨析珠三角半城市化地区的乡村工业用地演化的动力机制。结果表明:顺德区工业用地的发展可以分为4个阶段: 1984~1991年,自下而上农村工业化,用地空间分散发展阶段,其驱动力主要为政府力与社会力一致。 1992~1998年,产权制度改革,促进农村工业用地规模化发展阶段,其驱动力为政府力与社会力势均力敌。③1999~2005年,集约开发促成农村工业化集中发展阶段,其驱动力特征为政府力压制社会力。④2006年以后,农村工业化进入全面调整阶段,其驱动力特征为政府力与社会力相持。在顺德区工业用地空间演化过程中,政府力起主导作用,社会力相较于其它乡村型半城市化地区更为强大,政府力与社会力的相互作用的平衡点在于各个经济主体的利益均衡。在珠江三角洲半城市化地区,工业用地空间优化整合的前提是平衡各级政府力与自下而上的村民及村委的社会力,社会力的引导是破解农村工业化用地破碎化和混杂性的关键环节。

关键词: 农村工业化, 工业用地, 政府力, 社会力, 顺德区

Abstract:

With the new urbanization development, land use space needs to be integrated in semi-urban areas. The land use model is changing from the traditional extension of expansion to “control by pressing” intension development. The study focuses on the Shunde District where the mixed and decentralized characteristics of rural industrial land are significant and then analyses systematically the evolution process and characteristics of the rural industrial land, adopting the analytical framework of the interaction mechanism with government forces and social forces, and analyses the dynamic mechanism of rural land use evolution for semi-urban areas in the Pearl River Delta. The research shows that the industrial land development could be divided into four stages in Shunde District. 1) During the stage of scattered development in 1984-1991, its driving force is mainly government force, and consistent with the social force; 2) During the stage of scale development in 1992- 1998, its driving force is the government forces and social forces which are evenly matched; 3) During the stage of focus development in 1999-2005, the character of driving force is the suppress by the government forces to the social forces; 4) During the stage of adjustment development after 2006, the character of driving force is the stalemate between the government forces and the social forces. In the development process of the industrial land use in Shunde District, the interaction between government force and social force has the following characteristics: the government plays a leading role, while the social forces in the Pearl River Delta are more powerful than other rural semi-urbanized areas. The interests of the various economic entities are the balance of the interaction between the government forces and the social forces. Therefore the integration of the industrial land in the semi-urban areas in the Pearl River Delta area needs to consider the interaction between the government force and the society force.

Key words: rural industrialization, industrial land use, government force, social force, Shunde District

中图分类号: 

  • K901.8