地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (8): 1283-1291.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.08.010

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浙江省特色小镇的空间结构特征及影响因素研究

谢宏1,2(), 李颖灏1,2(), 韦有义3   

  1. 1.浙江工商大学工商管理学院,浙江 杭州 310018
    2.浙江工商大学浙商研究院,浙江 杭州 310018
    3. 武汉大学测绘学院,湖北 武汉 430079
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-25 修回日期:2018-01-23 出版日期:2018-08-20 发布日期:2018-08-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:谢宏(1973-),男,湖南沅江人,博士,副教授,硕导,主要从事产业经济与竞争战略研究。E-mail: rockor@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    浙江省软科学研究项目(2016C35041)、浙江省自然科学基金项目(LY13G020012)资助

Influencing Factors and Spatial Distribution of the Characteristic Towns in Zhejiang Province

Hong Xie1,2(), Yinghao Li1,2(), Youyi Wei3   

  1. 1. School of Business Administration, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310018, Zhejiang, China
    2. Zheshang Research Institute, Zhejiang Gongshang University; Hangzhou 310018, Zhejiang, China
    3. School of Geodesy and Geomatics, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, China
  • Received:2017-09-25 Revised:2018-01-23 Online:2018-08-20 Published:2018-08-20
  • Supported by:
    Zhejiang Soft Science Research Program (2016C35041), Zhejiang Nature Science Foundation (LY13G020012)

摘要:

选取浙江省189个特色小镇为研究样本,运用最邻近点指数、地理集中指数、地理联系率、核密度指数等方法研究特色小镇的分布规律及影响因素。结果表明:浙江省特色小镇类型丰富,可以划分为信息经济、环保、健康、旅游、时尚、金融、高端装备制造以及历史经典8个类型;浙江省特色小镇整体空间分布趋于集聚,空间结构属于凝聚型;八大类型中信息经济和金融类特色小镇集聚程度高,高端设备制造和旅游类特色小镇数量多、布局分散;经济基础、人口密度、产业集群创新和城镇化水平是影响特色小镇分布的主要因素。

关键词: 特色小镇, 核密度, 浙江省

Abstract:

Zhejiang province is a leading area of characteristic towns. It has a strong research and reference significance for the planning and construction of Characteristic Towns in China. The article constructs the classification system of characteristic towns, and selects 189 representative characteristic towns in Zhejiang Province as the research sample. The article explores the distribution pattern of characteristic towns and studies the factors affecting the distribution of characteristic towns by the methods of the nearest point index, geographic concentration index, geographical connection rate, nuclear density and so on. The conclusions are as follows: 1) There are 8 primary types of characteristic towns in Zhejiang Province, respectively as follows: information economy, environmental protection, healthy, tourism, fashion, finance, high-end equipment manufacturing, historical classics; 2) The distribution type of characteristic towns in Zhejiang Province is agglomeration on the geographic space; 3) The species about high-end equipment manufacturing and tourism have a large number, and their layout is scattered, however, the characteristic towns in information economy and finance types have a high concentration. 4) The distribution of characteristic towns are influenced by economic foundation, population density, innovation of industrial cluster, and urbanization. Some notable features could be found when we observe the industrial structures of the characteristic towns in Zhejiang, which seems to be a kind of echo to the economic structure of the areas, and also a window of new growth in economy and industry upgrading in Zhejiang.

Key words: characteristic towns, nuclear density, Zhejiang Province

中图分类号: 

  • K902