地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (8): 1328-1336.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.08.015

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中国旅游经济系统失配度空间格局分异与形成机理分析

马慧强1,2(), 论宇超1, 席建超2(), 葛全胜2   

  1. 1.山西财经大学旅游管理学院, 山西 太原 030000
    2.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-25 修回日期:2018-03-10 出版日期:2018-08-20 发布日期:2018-08-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:马慧强(1984-),男,山西大同人,讲师,主要研究方向为经济地理、旅游开发与规划。E-mail:Mahuiqiang001@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    2016年度国家教育部人文社科基金项目(16YJC890016)、2015年度国家社科基金一般项目(15BGL116)资助

Spatial Pattern of China’s Tourism Economic System Mismatch Degree and Its Formation Mechanism

Huiqiang Ma1,2(), Yuchao Lun1, Jianchao Xi2(), Quansheng Ge2   

  1. 1. Faculty of Tourism Management, Shanxi University of Finance and Economics, Taiyuan 030000, Shanxi,China
    2. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-12-25 Revised:2018-03-10 Online:2018-08-20 Published:2018-08-20
  • Supported by:
    Science Foundation of Ministry of Education of China 2016 (16YJC890016), National Social Science Fund 2015 (15BGL116)

摘要:

将中国省级行政区作为分析单元,以旅游资源开发、旅游产业质量、社会系统支持、公共服务投入、生态环境质量五大子系统构建旅游经济系统失配度评价指标体系,对旅游经济失配度进行系统评价和空间格局测度,并用多元回归模型分析影响因素。研究发现:中国省级行政区旅游经济失配呈现极差化与相对差异较大的特点,广东省为失配度最低区、宁夏回族自治区为失配度最高区;2015年中国旅游经济失配以低度失配为主,主要影响因素有旅游资源丰富度、旅游劳动生产率、等级公路网密度、互联网普及率、森林覆盖率等;旅游经济系统失配空间分异的主要机制:旅游资源禀赋与开发质量是基础动力,旅游市场经济环境是直接动力,旅游目的地公共服务质量是外在动力。

关键词: 旅游经济系统, 失配度, 健康距离模型

Abstract:

The optimal allocation of tourism economic system is the ideal state of regional tourism economic development. This article takes China’s provincial-level administrative regions as the analysis unit. Constructing index system of mismatch evaluation of tourism economic system based on five major subsystems of tourism resources development, tourism industry quality, social system support, investment in public services and ecological environment quality in order to systematically evaluate the mismatch degree of tourism economy and measure the spatial pattern. In addition, use multiple regression model to analyze influential factors. The study found that: in the first place, on spatial pattern of China's provincial administrative region, mismatch of tourism economy is poor and the relative difference in characteristics. Guangdong province, located on the southeast coast, is the lowest degree of mismatch, whereas the inland Ningxia Hui autonomous region is the highest degree of mismatch in all provinces. Secondly, in terms of mismatch types, China's tourism economic mismatch in 2015 was dominated by low mismatch. Furthermore, the main factors that cause the mismatch include tourism resource richness, tourism labor productivity, grade highway network density, Internet penetration rate, forest coverage rate, etc. At last, the main mechanism of spatial disparity in the formation of tourism economic system includes three aspects, that is to say, the basic motivation of tourism resources endowment and development quality, the direct motivation tourism market economy environment, and the external motivation tourism destination public service quality.

Key words: tourism economy system, mismatch degree, health distance model

中图分类号: 

  • F592.7