地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (8): 1391-1396.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.08.022

• • 上一篇    

辽南地区晚第三纪红色风化壳及更新世高海面问题探讨

蒋伟(), 李永化, 魏东岚, 沈俊杰, 李爽   

  1. 辽宁师范大学城市与环境学院,辽宁 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-11 修回日期:2017-09-20 出版日期:2018-08-20 发布日期:2018-08-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:蒋伟(1979-),男,辽宁盖州人,博士研究生,主要从事气候与环境灾害研究。E-mail: jiangwei9157@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271093)资助

Neogene Red Weathering Crusts in the Southern Liaoning Province and the Discussion of High Sea Level in Pleistocene

Wei Jiang(), Yonghua Li, Donglan Wei, Junjie Shen, Shuang Li   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2017-07-11 Revised:2017-09-20 Online:2018-08-20 Published:2018-08-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41271093)

摘要:

以辽南地区石槽剖面与城山头剖面的红色风化壳为研究对象,利用X射线荧光光谱仪,对风化壳剖面样品进行分析。结果表明:剖面中各采样点样品的主要化学元素含量自剖面底部到顶部无规律性变化,显示了主要化学元素在风化过程中的地球化学行为较为一致,符合风化壳沉积类型特征;剖面的主要化学成分为SiO2、Al2O3、Fe2O3,结合各采样点样品的主要化学元素含量及SiO2/Al2O3及SiO2/R2O3系数,可以认为这套红色风化壳应是在高温高湿的环境条件下风化作用的产物。通过与山东庙岛群岛风化壳的对比及风化壳厚度的计算,可以认为该套风化壳的形成时代应在上新世或更早。依据风化壳在滨海地区的残存高度可以推断,自第三纪晚期以来辽南地区最高海平面高度未超过今天的海平面高度。

关键词: 辽东半岛, 红色风化壳, 更新世, 高海面

Abstract:

The red weathering crust of Shicao profile and Chengshantou profile in the southern of Liaoning Province is studied by studying variation characteristics of elements, geochemical index, in order to reveal its geochemical characteristics. Based on analyzed the Neogene red weathering crusts in the southern Liaoning, the climatic and sea level changes were discussed. All the samples of the red weathering crust were analyzed for major geochemical elements by X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry. The concentrations of major geochemical elements of the red weathering crust profile shows irregular change from the bottom to the top. By geochemical analyses, the profile has the characteristics of sedimentation type. SiO2、Al2O3 and Fe2O3 are the three main parts in the red weathering crusts. The content of SiO2 ranged from 49.41%-60.02%, mean average is 54.44%. The content of Al2O3 profile ranged from 18.61%-26.48%, mean average is 22.57%. The content of Fe2O3 in profile ranged from 5.92%-10.79%, mean average is 8.30%. The ratios of SiO2/Al2O3 ranged from 3.19%-4.99%, mean average is 4.15%. The ratios of SiO2/R2O3 ranged from 2.53%-4.21%, mean average is 3.37%. Based on analyzed SiO2/Al2O3, SiO2/R2O3 and the concentrations of major geochemical elements, the red weathering crusts were developed under high temperature and high humidity condition. Calculation the thickness of weathering crust and compare with the weathering crust of Shandong MiaoDao, it is believed that the formation time of this weathering crust should be Pliocene or earlier. According to the remaining height of the weathered crust of Chengshantou profile in the coastal area, the sea level today is close to the highest sea level of the southern of Liaoning province since late neogene. The remaining height of the weathered crust of Chengshantou profile in the coastal area can be used as the symbol of the highest sea level of the southern of Liaoning Province since the formation of the red weathering crust.

Key words: Liaodong Peninsula, red weathering crusts, Pleistocene, high sea level

中图分类号: 

  • P731