地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 31-40.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.01.004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

未来城市研究范式探讨——数据驱动亦或人本驱动

秦萧1,2,甄峰1,2,魏宗财3   

  1. 1. 南京大学建筑与城市规划学院,江苏 南京 210093
    2. 江苏省智慧城市设计仿真与可视化技术工程实验室,江苏 南京 210093
    3. 华南理工大学建筑学院亚热带建筑科学国家重点实验室,广东 广州510641
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-10 修回日期:2019-01-15 出版日期:2019-01-10 发布日期:2019-01-10
  • 作者简介:秦萧(1987-),男,江苏盐城人,博士后,助理研究员,主要从事大数据与城市规划方法研究。E-mail: x. qin@nju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(51708276,41571146,41801150);中国博士后科学研究基金资助(2017M611781)

The Discussion of Urban Research in the Future: Data Driven or Human-oriented Driven

Xiao Qin1,2,Feng Zhen1,2,Zongcai Wei3   

  1. 1. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, China
    2. Jiangsu Provincial Engineering Laboratory of Smart City Design Simulation & Visualization, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, China;
    3. State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Building Science, School of Architecture, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2018-12-10 Revised:2019-01-15 Online:2019-01-10 Published:2019-01-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(51708276,41571146,41801150);Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China(2017M611781)

摘要:

回顾传统城市研究范式,指出其“重宏观社会经济发展研究、而轻微观居民个体需求分析”这一问题,在此基础上,综述了城市研究领域的大数据热潮,进而抛出“数据亦或人本驱动?”的争论;从大数据自身的缺陷、智慧社会的到来及未来城市发展维度3个方面分析未来城市研究数据和人本之间的关系,提出应遵循“人本驱动、数据支撑”的研究范式,扩展了“人本驱动”的内涵。最后,从城市居民生活(生活圈打造、社会网络构建、满足生命周期需求)、企业生产(人才流动网络构建、产业链打造、营销模式转变)、政府管治(数据共享与融合、社会服务供应、公众参与机制创新)3个方面提出了未来城市研究的新框架。

关键词: 数据驱动, 人本驱动, 未来城市, 城市研究范式

Abstract:

Technological innovation is constantly changing the process of urban development, and the emergence of big data has attracted great attention of urban researchers. Some people believe that data will become the main driving force of future urban research. However, the development stage of human society and the historical transformation of urban research indicate the humanistic trend of future urban development. So, are future urban studies data driven or human-oriented driven? What is the relationship between them and the direction of future urban research? Firstly, this article reviews the traditional urban research and points out the limitations of methodological and data usage, which paid more attention on social-economic development instead of individuals’ needs. Secondly, it summarizes the big data booming in urban research field, and then put forward the argument of “data driven or human-oriented driven?”. Thirdly, the relationship between data and human-oriented in future urban research is analyzed from 3 aspects: the limitations of big data, the arrival of smart society and the trend of future urban development. Fourthly, the research paradigm of “human-oriented driven and data supported” is proposed. Finally, it also builds a new framework of future urban research from three aspects of residents' life, enterprise production and government governance.

Key words: data driven, human-oriented driven, future city, urban research

中图分类号: 

  • F219