地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 80-88.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.01.009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国区域知识资本时空差异及影响因素分析

李在军1,胡美娟2,尹上岗2,周年兴2()   

  1. 1. 扬州大学苏中发展研究院, 江苏 扬州 225009
    2. 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 江苏 南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-08 修回日期:2018-03-10 出版日期:2019-01-10 发布日期:2019-01-10
  • 作者简介:李在军(1989-),男,山东临沂人,博士,助研,主要研究方向为区域经济发展。E-mail: junzailinyi@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目资助(41671140,41671155)

Spatio-temporal Variation and Influencing Factors of Knowledge Capital in China

Zaijun Li1,Meijuan Hu2,Shanggang Yin2,Nianxing Zhou2()   

  1. 1. Research Institute of Central Jiangsu Development, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, Jiangsu, China
    2. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2017-12-08 Revised:2018-03-10 Online:2019-01-10 Published:2019-01-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671140,41671155)

摘要:

以区域创新系统能力表征区域知识资本,对其不均衡地理演变及影响因素的分析表明:创新综合能力年际变异程度由东向西逐渐递减,东部与中西地区创新综合能力差异持续扩大。区域创新综合能力总体呈现东部沿海创新带、中部内陆创新片区及西部普遍低下的梯度式空间分布格局。劳动力集中指数、人均资本形成额、经济民营化程度、基础设施水平及对外开放度是影响创新能力空间分异的主要驱动因素,而财政支出占比影响较小;各变量对创新综合能力影响的空间异质效应明显,对东中地区往往具有积极的促进作用,对西部地区多呈负向影响,强化了创新综合能力“东高西低”的分异特征。

关键词: 知识资本, 创新综合能力, 中国

Abstract:

The ability of regional innovation is the most important part of the regional knowledge capital. This article characterizes knowledge capital with the capacity of the innovative system, and analyzes the unequal geographical evolution of regional knowledge capital and its influencing factors. The results show that: 1) The regional unequal development of innovation comprehensive ability between East and Central East and West China continue to expand from 1998 to 2014, and the differences between East and West are relatively greater than those in eastern and central regions. 2) The degree of interannual variability of the comprehensive ability of regional innovation decreases gradually from East to West, and the comprehensive ability of innovation shows gradient spatial distribution pattern along the eastern coastal innovation belt, central inland innovation zone and the western region. 3) The labor force concentration index, per capital capital formation, the degree of economic privatization, the level of infrastructure and the degree of openness are main driving forces of the spatial heterogeneity of the level of comprehensive innovation; The overall impact of fiscal expenditure is smaller. The spatial heterogeneity effect of all variables on innovation comprehensive ability is evident, which often plays a positive role in promoting the central and eastern regions, but mostly with the negative impact on the western region. Thus, it strengthens the differentiation characteristics of the formation of the innovation comprehensive ability of ‘high in the east and low in the west’.

Key words: knowledge capital, comprehensive innovative ability, China

中图分类号: 

  • F124.3