地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 98-106.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.01.011

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国化石能源补贴区域分布及改革影响效应研究

龚利1,2,张增凯3(),段德忠1,2,龚存4   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学全球创新与发展研究院,上海 200062
    2. 华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200062
    3. 天津大学管理与经济学部,天津 300072
    4. 中国银行澳门分行,澳门 999078
  • 出版日期:2019-01-10 发布日期:2019-01-10
  • 作者简介:龚利(1981-),男,江苏南通人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为能源经济与能源政策。E-mail: lgong@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71203064,71603179)

Regional Distribution of Fossil Energy Subsidies in China and the Impact of Energy Subsidy Reform

Li Gong1,2,Zengkai Zhang3(),Dezhong Duan1,2,Cun Gong4   

  1. 1. Global Innovation and Development Institute, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    3. College of Management and Economics, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
    4. Department of Financial Engineering, Bank of China Macau Branch, Macau 999078, China
  • Online:2019-01-10 Published:2019-01-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(71203064,71603179)

摘要:

从区域分布视角出发,采用价差法估算了中国2006~2015年化石能源补贴量。结果表明:能源补贴呈现东、中、西部地区依次递减的格局,分别为2.72万亿元、1.80万亿元和1.53万亿元;能源补贴存在较强的空间相关性,且呈现显著的“俱乐部”现象;取消能源补贴对于中国实现“十一五”期间节能减排目标具有重要意义,具体来说,可使全国能源强度下降幅度由19.10%提升为22.36%;取消能源补贴的东部地区节能减排效应最为明显,中部地区敏感程度相对较弱;同时,取消能源补贴会导致居民生活成本不同幅度上涨,其中中部地区居民面临最大的影响,尤其是农村居民受到的冲击更为显著;化石能源补贴改革进程中,政府需要加大对中部地区尤其是农村居民扶持力度,以抵消可能进一步拉大贫富差距的风险。

关键词: 能源补贴, 价差法, 投入产出法, 化石能源补贴

Abstract:

Fossil-fuel subsidies result in excessive and wasteful energy consumption through energy price distortions. Once the policy is not targeted, the injustice of regional distribution will be exacerbated. However, few literatures discuss the effects of fossil energy subsidies at the regional level. Since energy subsidy reform directly affects energy prices, it has an important impact on economic development and is likely to have a negative effect and expand regional economic development imbalance. Therefore, it is necessary to study the spatial distribution of China's regional energy subsidies and its relationship with regional energy conservation and emission reduction, in order to formulate regional energy conservation and emission reduction policies fairly and effectively. This article estimates the subsidy from 2006 to 2015 in China (Tibet, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan are excluded), adopting the price-gap approach, and uses the interregional input-output model to measure the change of the living cost of residents in different regions under the background of canceling energy subsidy. The input-output analysis of this paper is based on the 2007 China Inter-regional Input-Output Table and merges the eastern region, the Beijing-Tianjin region, the northern coastal region, the eastern coastal region and the southern coastal region into the eastern region; the central region is the central region of this paper; the western region is formed by the combination of the southwest region and the northwest region. Results are as flows: 1) Spatial inequality is obvious for energy subsidies, which decrease gradually from the eastern region (2.72 trillion yuan), the middle region (1.80 trillion yuan), to the western region (1.53 trillion yuan). From the analysis of global and local Moran index I, there is a significant "club" distribution of provincial energy subsidies. 2) It has great significance for the achievement of national energy conservation target during the Eleventh Five-Year period, the average emission reduction rate of energy subsidies was 4.14% and the energy intensity would decrease by 22.36% rather than 19.10%. In the emission reduction rate on the eastern region > western region> the central region, while the energy-saving rate was on the western region> eastern region> the central region and removing energy subsidies contribute least to the energy conservation of the middle region. 3) The total cost of living in rural areas and urban residents rose 7.44% and 6.81%, the total cost of living in rural areas and urban residents rose 3.99% and 3.19%, the eastern part of the total cost of living in rural areas and urban residents were up 3.94% and 3.16%, respectively, among which the residents of the central region are facing the greatest impact, especially the rural residents. In the process of fossil energy subsidies reform, the government needs to consider regional energy saving and regional differences, priority in the eastern region and the western region to promote energy subsidies reform, and then gradually implemented to the central region, and to increase the central and western regions, especially rural residents, which support efforts to offset the risk of further widening the gap between rich and poor.

Key words: energy subsidy, price-gap method, input output analysis method, fossil-fuel subsidy

中图分类号: 

  • F205