地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 125-130.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.01.014

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

大连市中山区城市建筑垂直特征对城市热环境效应的影响

闫广华1,2,苏俊如3(),管敦颐3   

  1. 1. 吉林大学行政学院,吉林 长春130012
    2. 长春师范大学城市与环境科学学院,吉林 长春130032
    3. 辽宁师范大学自然地理与空间信息科学辽宁省重点实验室,辽宁 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-26 修回日期:2018-05-10 出版日期:2019-01-10 发布日期:2019-01-10
  • 作者简介:闫广华 (1979- ),男,辽宁朝阳人,博士,副教授,主要从事区域空间结构、区域公共政策研究。E-mail: nenumaster@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771178);国家自然科学基金重点项目(41630749);吉林省科技厅重点科技攻关项目(20190303017SF);吉林省社科基金项目(博士青年项目)(2018BS23);吉林省教育科学“十三五”规划项目(GH180652);吉林省教育学会“十三五”规划重点科研项目(JLXH13513923);2018年度吉林省高等教育学会高教科研课题(JGJX2018D20);吉林省社科基金项目(思政专项)(2018S3);2018年吉林省青少年发展研究计划课题(2018jqy-030);长春师范大学科研基金项目(长师大社科合字)([2017]008);吉林省教育厅“十三五”科学研究规划项目资助(JJKH20181200S)

The Impact of Urban Architectural Vertical Characteristics on Urban Thermal Environment in Zhongshan District, Dalian

Guanghua Yan1,2,Junru Su3(),Dunyi Guan3   

  1. 1. School of Public Administration, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, Jilin, China
    2. College of Town and Environmental Sciences, Changchun Normal University, Changchun 130032, Jilin, China
    3. Liaoning Key Laboratory of Physical Geography and Geomatics, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2018-03-26 Revised:2018-05-10 Online:2019-01-10 Published:2019-01-10
  • Supported by:
    National Nature Science Foundation of China(41771178);National Nature Science Foundation of China(41630749);Key Scientific and Technological Research and Development Project of Jilin Provincial Science and Technology Department(20190303017SF);Social Science Foundation of Jilin Province (PhD program)(2018BS23);"13th Five-Year" Planning Projects of Jilin Province Education Science(GH180652);"13th Five-Year" Planning Key Scientific Research Projects of Jilin Province Education Society(JLXH13513923);Higher Education Research Project of Jilin Higher Education Society of 2018(JGJX2018D20);Social Science Foundation of Jilin Province (Ideological and Political Program)(2018S3);Jilin Youth Development Research Project of 2018(2018jqy-030);Research Fund Project of Changchun Normal University([2017]008);“13th Five-Year” Scientific Research Planning Project of Jilin Province Education Department(JJKH20181200S)

摘要:

以大连市中山区的遥感和建筑数据为基础,利用单窗算法和相关分析方法,研究2007年、2017年研究区的地表温度空间分异特征,以及地表温度与建筑高度的相关性。研究结果表明: 2007年、2017年研究区最低温度由22.497℃增长到29.015℃,最高温度由36.091℃增长到43.213℃。研究区北部、解放路和中南路沿线、青泥洼-天津街商贸集聚区附近温度明显增高。 2007年、2017年,研究区区域内建筑都有所增高,中山区北部和青泥洼-天津街商贸集聚区附近建筑明显增高,研究区建筑有向南蔓延的趋势。 2007年、2017年,地表温度与建筑高度呈现低相关性,相关系数分别为0.346、0.331。

关键词: 地表温度, 城市热环境效应, 城市建筑垂直特征, 建筑高度, 大连市中山区

Abstract:

Land surface temperature (LST) is one of the most important indicators of the urban thermal environment. The aggravation of urban thermal environment effect is closely related to the substitution of urban underlying surface by impervious layer and urban development. The urban space grows rapidly and the building height increases. The building height is an important index to measure the spatial distribution of buildings in a region. The vertical characteristics of urban buildings are remarkable. This article is based on the Zhongshan District of Dalian city building and remote sensing data, by using the single window algorithm and correlation analysis method, variation of the surface temperature of 2007 and 2017 space in the study area. The correlation between land surface temperature and the height of the building. The results show that: 1) The minimum temperature in the 2007 and 2017 study area increases from 22.497℃ to 29.015℃, and the maximum temperature increases from 36.091℃ to 43.213℃. Owing to the sea reclamation and the establishment of the Donggang Sub-district, the temperature in the northeastern part of the study area increased significantly. The study area in the northern Jiefang Road, and along the south, Qingniwa-Tianjin Street business gathering area near the temperature increases significantly. 2) In 2007 and 2017, the buildings are mostly distributed in the north and central parts of the study area. The buildings in the north of the study area are relatively high, while those in the middle of the study area (along Jiefang Road and Zhongnan Road) are relatively low. The regional construction has increased the north of Zhongshan District and Qingniwa-Tianjin Street business gathering area near the building of district construction has increased significantly, the trend spread south. 3) The data of land surface temperature and building height are divided grid (30 m×30 m) and the correlation analysis of ground surface temperature and building height is carried out by bivariate correlation analysis method. In 2007 and 2017, land surface temperature and building height show low correlation, the correlation coefficients are 0.346 and 0.331, respectively. To a certain degree, the correlation between land surface temperature and building height is discussed.

Key words: land surface temperature, heat island effect, architectural vertical characteristics, building height, Zhongshan district of Dalian

中图分类号: 

  • TP79