地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 259-266.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.02.010

• • 上一篇    下一篇

对华跨境技术转移影响因素研究

司月芳1,2(), 王岱3, 王丰龙1,4()   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062
    2. 华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200062
    3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
    4. 华东师范大学城市发展研究院, 上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-08 修回日期:2018-04-28 出版日期:2019-02-10 发布日期:2019-02-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:司月芳(1982-),女,河北黄骅人,副教授,主要从事中国对外直接投资、创新网络和区域经济发展研究。E-mail: yfsi@re.ecnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然基金项目(41871110、41401128、41601144)、教育部人文社会科学项目(14YJC790098)、上海软科学重点项目(18692104500)资助。

Geographical Patterns and Determinants of Transnational Technology Transfer to China

Yuefang Si1,2(), Dai Wang3, Fenglong Wang1,4()   

  1. 1.Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    4. Institute of Urban Development, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2018-01-08 Revised:2018-04-28 Online:2019-02-10 Published:2019-02-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41871110、41401128、41601144), Ministry of Education of Humanities and Social Science Project (14YJC790098), Key Soft Science Project of Shanghai Science and Technology Committee (18692104500).

摘要:

基于分国别的技术引进合同数据,探讨对华跨境技术转移的空间分布及其影响因素。研究发现,美国、日本、德国、芬兰、英国和法国等技术先进国家始终是中国技术引进的主要来源国。亚洲的印度、马来西亚、泰国等在对华技术转移中的重要性也逐渐增强。对华跨境技术转移主要受技术势差、地理距离与技术通道等因素的影响。技术来源国与中国的技术势差越大、距离越近,技术溢出的强度越大;海外华人网络和跨国公司在华投资作为技术通道促进了海外技术向中国的转移。

关键词: 跨境技术转移, 技术通道, 海外华人, 技术势差

Abstract:

In this article, we analyze the geographical distribution of the countries which transfer technology to China via technology introduction contracts and the factors influencing the amount of technology introduction contracts from 2003 to 2016, based on a large database compiled from World Bank, USPTO and China Statistical Bureau. We find out that, 1) Historically, the total amount of transnational technology introduction contracts to China showed a U-shape development trajectory: it increased dramatically from 2003 to 2013, and then decreases gradually due to the implementation of national endogenous innovation policy from 2013. 2) Geographically, the Gini index fluctuated between 0.85 and 0.90, indicating a high spatial concentration of transnational technology introduction contracts. Among all the source countries, the United States, Japan, Germany, Finland, the UK and France have been the main sources in the whole period; while India, Malaysia, Thailand and other Asian countries are becoming increasingly important in recent 5 years. 3) Three main aspects, namely technical capability gap, geographical distance and technology pipeline, influence the amount of transnational technology transfer to China. Countries geographically closer and of the greater the technical capability are more important sources which transfer technology to China. The transnational technology pipeline in terms of overseas Chinese community and multinational companies also facilitate the technology transfer to China. However, the imports of goods show a negative relationship with transnational technology introduction contact, because the countries which import low-tech goods to China usually have comparatively low technical competitiveness. It is reasonable that China avoids importing technology from those countries.

Key words: transnational technology transfer, technology pipeline, overseas Chinese, technical capability

中图分类号: 

  • F062.4