地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (7): 1045-1054.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.07.002

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地缘结构:理论基础、概念及其分析框架

胡志丁1,陆大道2   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学全球创新与发展研究院,上海 200062
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-10 修回日期:2018-09-02 出版日期:2019-07-10 发布日期:2019-07-10
  • 作者简介:胡志丁(1986-),男,江西上饶人,博士,研究员,博导,主要从事全球化与地缘环境研究。E-mail: huzhiding2007@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目资助(41871152);国家自然科学基金项目资助(41661033)

Geo-structure: Theoretical Basis, Concept and Analytical Framework

Hu Zhiding1,Lu Dadao2   

  1. 1. Institute for Global Innovation and Development, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2018-06-10 Revised:2018-09-02 Online:2019-07-10 Published:2019-07-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871152);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41661033)

摘要:

借鉴哲学及相关学科、学者对结构主义研究的最新进展,特别是社会理论对社会结构、国际关系学对国际社会结构和地理学对空间结构的研究,探讨了地缘结构的理论基础、概念和分析框架。地缘结构的分析框架包括5部分,即作为构成物的结构、作为过程的结构、结构系统、2个层次和2种作用机制;对地缘结构的每部分及不同部分之间的联系以及如何形成单一的整体结构进行阐述;最后对使用地缘结构存在的一些问题和当前的国际形势进行了简单讨论。

关键词: 地缘政治, 地缘体, 地缘结构, 结构主义, 建构主义, 空间哲学

Abstract:

With the diversification of the research paradigm and methods of human geography, the research perspectives and methods of geopolitics, as an important branch of human geography, also become diversified. Especially since the 1960s, the structural turn of geopolitics has led to a number of important research results in geopolitics. However, on the whole, the study of geographical structure is too simple and immature. Drawing on the latest progress of structuralism in philosophy and related disciplines, especially the study of social theory on social structure, international relations on international social structure and geography on spatial structure, this article discusses the theoretical basis, concept and analytical framework of geo-structure. The analytical framework of the geostructure consists of 5 parts: structure as a component, structure as a process, structure system, 2 levels of structure and 2 mechanisms of action. The contents that constitute the geo-structure can be roughly divided into 3 kinds, namely, material structure, conceptual structure and spatial structure. The structure as a process focuses on exploring the relationships and their interdependence within the structure, and the impact of these changes on the identities and interests of geo-bodies, which means that the structure itself is changing. The geo-structural system has not been seriously studied. But with the advent of the geo-economic era, the transformation of Hobbes culture to Lockean culture, especially the interdependence under various relations, makes the international anarchic society move towards a structural system composed of politics, military, economy and culture. The 2 levels of the geopolitical structure and the 2 mechanisms are closely linked, reflecting the relationship between geo-bodies and the geopolitical structure in which the geopolitical body is placed. Each part of the geo-structure should form a whole in order to explore its impact. In the end, some problems in using geo-structure and the current international situations are briefly discussed in this study.

Key words: geopolitics, geopolitical body, geo-structure, structuralism, constructivism, space philosophy

中图分类号: 

  • K901.4