地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (7): 1093-1101.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.07.007

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中国城市网络研究评述与展望

潘峰华1,方成1,李仙德2   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理科学学部环境遥感与数字城市北京市重点实验室/地理学院, 北京 100875
    2. 上海师范大学地理系, 上海 200234
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-04 修回日期:2018-11-13 出版日期:2019-07-10 发布日期:2019-07-10
  • 作者简介:潘峰华(1982-),男,江苏常州人,副教授,博导,主要从事金融地理与区域发展研究。E-mail: panfenghua@bnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871157);国家自然科学基金项目(41301168);国家自然科学基金项目(41730642);国家社会科学基金项目资助(14ZDA035)

The Progress and Prospect of Research on Chinese City Network

Pan Fenghua1,Fang Cheng1,Li Xiande2   

  1. 1. Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental Remote Sensing and Digital City, Faculty of Geographical Science/School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. Department of Geography, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
  • Received:2018-09-04 Revised:2018-11-13 Online:2019-07-10 Published:2019-07-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871157);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41301168);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41730642);National Social Science Fundation of China(14ZDA035)

摘要:

现有研究采用多元化的数据和方法构建并分析城市网络,揭示不同空间尺度下中国城市网络的特征和形成机制。中国城市网络研究的贡献体现在以下4个方面:以中国为背景的多尺度城市网络分析对世界城市网络研究具有重要启发;强调国家和区域背景,避免了欧美中心论的全球化观点;采用新颖的数据和视角构建城市网络,推动了世界城市网络研究的进展;增强了国内地理学界对城市网络和外部联系视角的重视,促进了学科发展。同时,当前中国城市网络研究也面临挑战。一方面,大量研究主要着力于城市网络的可视化和描述性分析,机制分析薄弱,理论创新不足;另一方面,当前研究的数据和方法日益趋同,迫切需要新的研究视角。未来需要加强方法和理论创新,深化机制和影响研究,并提高研究的政策相关性。

关键词: 城市网络, 城市联系, 空间尺度, 网络结构, 中国

Abstract:

City network is an important perspective to study cities and regions. In recent years, a large number of studies on city networks involving China have emerged. For the one hand, the case study of China has always been attracting the attention of scholars all over the world for the past decades, and remarkable development has been achieved in city network research on China. For the other hand, while the number of publications is growing really fast, some limitations and challenges of this research has also appeared. Therefore, a systematic review to this large body of literature is needed at present. This article summarizes and reviews the progress of city network research on China from four aspects: 1) Data and methods used in city network research on China; 2) The major findings of this research, including network patterns and formation mechanism on different spatial scales; 3) The main contributions of this field; 4) Some limitations of current studies and the prospect for future research. The findings of this article are provided as follows. City network research on China utilizes various data and methods to construct networks, while Social Network Analysis and Complex Network Analysis are applied to the description of city networks. Major findings of city network research on China covers three spatial scales: global scale, national scale and regional scale, which have revealed the characteristics and formation mechanism of city network on China under different spatial scales. Mainly contributions of city network research on China include: 1) Multi-scale studies on city networks of Chinese cities are important inspirations for city network research worldwide; 2) Avoiding Western Centralism views on studying globalization and making up for the major defects in the research of world cities; 3) Using some original perspectives and data to depict inter-city relations, which has promoted the development of world city network research; 4) Bringing the network logic to the studies of Chinese cities as well as helping promote the academic development of urban geography and economic geography in China. Main limitations and challenges include: 1) A large number of empirical studies dedicate to describe and explain the network structure, paying less attention to theoretical innovations; 2) The data sources and network construction methods used are increasingly convergence, leaving no much room for related innovations in future work. Accordingly, we propose that city network research on China should actively expand the research perspective. Deepening the mechanism research and theoretical innovation should also be highlighted. And strengthening policy studying of city networks on China can benefit the further development of this field, which is almost neglected in current stage.

Key words: city network, inter-city relations, spatial scale, network structure, China

中图分类号: 

  • K901