地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (7): 1191-1198.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.07.018

• • 上一篇    

基于生态水文调控的流域综合管理研究综述

章光新1,陈月庆1,2,吴燕锋1,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所,吉林 长春 130102
    2. 信阳师范学院地理科学学院,河南 信阳 464000
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-19 修回日期:2019-01-05 出版日期:2019-07-10 发布日期:2019-07-10
  • 作者简介:章光新(1971-),男,安徽池州人,研究员,博导,主要从事水资源与水文学、湿地生态水文和地下水管理等研究。E-mail: zhgx@iga.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41877160);国家重点研发计划项目资助(2017YFC0406003)

Commentary on Eco-hydrological Regulation for Integrated River Basin Management

Zhang Guangxin1,Chen Yueqing1,2,Wu Yanfeng1,3   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, Jilin, China
    2. School of Geographic Sciences, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang 464000, Henan, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-09-19 Revised:2019-01-05 Online:2019-07-10 Published:2019-07-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41877160);National Key R&D Program of China(2017YFC0406003)

摘要:

在全球气候变化与人类活动的双重影响下,流域水与生态等问题将更加突出、相互交织,是当前亟需解决的影响和制约世界各国可持续发展的瓶颈问题。基于对流域综合管理概念内涵的理解,以生态水文学理论和基于自然的水资源解决方案的理念为指导,提出了基于生态水文调控的流域综合管理概念与内涵,着重阐述了其核心内容:① 理论方法——流域生态水文调控原理与方法;② 应用实践——面向生态-社会协调可持续的流域水资源综合管理。将丰富和发展流域综合管理理论方法与技术体系,提升流域综合管理的实效性和整体水平。

关键词: 生态水文过程, 生态水文调控, 双向调节, 水资源综合管理, 流域综合管理

Abstract:

The river basin water and ecological issues have become prominent urgent problems and have generated considerable recent research interest around the world, owing to the combined effect of global climate change and human activities. This paper first briefly presented the concept of integrated river basin management. Then we provide the concept and connotation of eco-hydrological regulation for integrated river basin management, it is synthetically guided by theory of sustainable development, theory of ecohydrology as well as nature-based solution to water issues for comprehensive contributing to dual-regulation of a river basin. With the support and participant of government and publics, especially those of mitigation measures (e.g., laws and regulations, water right and water market, ecological engineering, hydraulic engineering), it could efficiently address river basin water and ecological issues and improve benefits from water and ecosystem. Therefore, it could help to achieve a coordinated development between water resources-ecological environment-social economy, and promote the maximum of public welfare in river basin. Furthermore, we systematically elaborated the essential research contents of eco-hydrological regulation for integrated river basin management: 1) the principle and methodology of eco-hydrological regulation; 2) the integrated water resources management for eco-social coordinated and sustainable development in river basin. The results of this paper have a great implication in the enrichment and development of theoretical methods and technical systems of integrated river basin management, which would be beneficial for effectiveness as well as overall level of integrated river basin management.

Key words: eco-hydrological processes, eco-hydrological regulation, dual-regulation, integrated water resources management, integrated river basin management

中图分类号: 

  • X52