地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 1219-1227.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.08.003

• • 上一篇    下一篇

西方国家乡村空间转型研究及其启示

袁源,张小林,李红波,胡晓亮   

  1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院/江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心, 江苏 南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-23 修回日期:2018-12-17 出版日期:2019-08-10 发布日期:2019-10-10
  • 作者简介:袁源(1986-),男,江苏常州人,博士研究生,主要从事土地规划和乡村地理学研究。E-mail: nnuyuany@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目资助(41501187);国家自然科学基金项目资助(41571164)

Rural Space Transition in Western Countries and Its Inspiration

Yuan Yuan,Zhang Xiaolin,Li Hongbo,Hu Xiaoliang   

  1. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, College of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2018-09-23 Revised:2018-12-17 Online:2019-08-10 Published:2019-10-10
  • Supported by:
    National Naturel Sciences Foundation of China(41501187);National Naturel Sciences Foundation of China(41571164)

摘要:

西方国家对乡村空间的认识经历物质、意象再到三元综合体的深化,后者作为西方学界理解乡村空间的系统性理论框架,为研究从生产主义到后生产主义的转型过程提供全新视角。西方国家的乡村分化表明,乡村空间转型的功能与价值重塑,在全球乡村视角下有一般规律性,对中国乡村空间转型研究有重要启示。当前中国正处于城乡空间加速重构的关键时期,加强乡村空间及其转型在多维度认知、多功能趋势和多主体机制等方面的研究,形成具有中国特色的乡村地理学研究范式,响应乡村振兴的时代主题。

关键词: 乡村空间, 转型, 三元综合体模型, 后生产主义, 乡村振兴

Abstract:

Recognition of rural space in western countries has undergone a profound turn from material and ideational space to the three-fold model of rural space proposed by Halfacree. Fundamentally influenced by “the production of space” and widely accepted as the systematic theoretical framework of rural space in western world, this model provides a whole new perspective on the transition of rural space in western countries from productivism to post-productivism. Differentiated rural space in western countries manifest that affected by interwoven forces of globalization, urbanization and modernization, dynamics and patterns of rural space transition development has been regenerated by combination and reorganization of essential productive factors, as well as its functions and values. Process of rural space transition in western countries reflects general rules in the view of “global countryside” proposed by Woods, which offers a great and significant enlightenment for studies in China. Based on the situation that urban and rural space is going through a critical period of accelerated reconstruction, theoretical guidance is urgently needed for newly emerging problems, patterns and forces, especially more studies on multi-dimensional cognition, multi-functional trend and multi-agent mechanism of rural space and its transition . In the end, this paper calls for establishing research paradigm of rural geography with Chinese characteristics, so as to better respond to the theme of the times on rural revitalization

Key words: rural space, transition, three-fold model, post-productivism, rural revitalization

中图分类号: 

  • K901.8