地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 1228-1237.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.08.004

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高质量发展下的生态城市评价——以长江三角洲城市群为例

徐丽婷1,2,姚士谋1,陈爽1,2(),徐羽2,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所/中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210008
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-04 修回日期:2018-09-07 出版日期:2019-08-10 发布日期:2019-10-10
  • 通讯作者: 陈爽 E-mail:schens@niglas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:徐丽婷(1992-),女,江西临川人,博士研究生,研究方向为城市土地利用与生态效应。E-mail: litingxu1992@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目资助(41771140)

Evaluation of Eco-city Under the Concept of High-quality Development: A Case Study of the Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration

Xu Liting1,2,Yao Shimou1,Chen Shuang1,2(),Xu Yu2,3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2018-06-04 Revised:2018-09-07 Online:2019-08-10 Published:2019-10-10
  • Contact: Chen Shuang E-mail:schens@niglas.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771140)

摘要:

以长江三角洲城市群为案例区,运用熵值-TOPSIS模型评价城市生态化水平的变化及差异,运用障碍度模型探究影响城市生态化水平的主要障碍因子。结果表明:长三角城市群生态化水平在稳步提升,城市间生态化水平差异显著并呈扩大趋势;长三角城市群生态化水平在空间上呈现“中心-外围”结构,城市生态化水平与城市规模等级成正比,直辖市、省会城市和经济强市生态化水平要显著优于其他城市;城市在经济、生态环境和社会3个层面指标上的评价得分具有不平衡性,各城市优劣势有所差异,并且经济和社会层面的生态化水平差异大于生态环境层面的差异;对大多数城市而言,经济层面及基础设施、公共服务要素是主要障碍因子。未来生态城市建设应立足城市自身发展状况,因地制宜地提升城市生态化水平,建设高质量生态城市。

关键词: 生态城市, 高质量发展, 长江三角洲城市群

Abstract:

Eco-city is an essential form of sustainable urban development and represents the tendency of modern cities. The evaluation of eco-city provides the fundamental basis for the planning, construction and management of eco-city. With the rapid development of social and economic, the connotation and evaluation index system of eco-city also need to update with the times. Currently, China's economy has shifted from a rapid growth stage to a high-quality development stage. Urban is an essential platform of regional economic development, it will also enter the stage of high-quality development. The eco-city is highly compatible with the concept of high-quality development, it is necessary to integrate the high-quality development ideology in the eco-city evaluation, which is in line with the current urban transformation and development requirements of China. Therefore, on the basis of combing the evolution and connotation development of eco-city, we set up an eco-city evaluation system guided by the concept of high-quality development, and then taking the Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration (YRDUA) as an example to carry out the ecological level evaluation study of urban. Thus, the characteristics of spatial-temporal variations of urban ecological level was evaluated and the main obstacle factors was revealed. Based on various statistical data of YRDUA in 2005, 2010 and 2015, 27 indicators for evaluating eco-city that reflects the requirements for high quality development ideology were constructed from three aspects, they are economic development, ecological environment protection and social civilization progress. The entropy-TOPSIS model then analyzed the ecological level of cities, and the major obstacle factors was measured through obstacle degree model. The results showed that: The ecological level of the YRDUA present a steady improvement trend, the urban ecological level spatial pattern of the YRDUA shows a "core-periphery" structure, and it experienced the evolution process of double-high value center in 2005, single-high value center in 2010 and multiple-high value center in 2015. The ecological level of Shanghai municipality, provincial capital cities and other economically-strong cities like Suzhou and Wuxi are significantly better than other cities. There is a significant correlation between ecological level and city hierarchical, which means the urban ecological level is directly proportional to the population scale. The higher the urban hierarchy, the more advantageous the urban construction has, thus the higher the ecological level is. And the ecological level gap of the different urban hierarchy has gradually expanded during the study period. From the perspective of the 3 subsystems, economic development, ecological environment protection and social civilization progress, each city presents different advantages and disadvantages regarding different indicators. Moreover, the difference of ecology level regarding the economy and society are significant than the ecological environment. The obstacle factors of the ecological level of the YRDUA are relatively stable. For most cities, economic development, infrastructure, and public service factors are the primary constraints, especially in cities with relatively backward economic development, while a few economically developed cities have significant obstacles to environmental foundation and social civilization progress. In the future, the differentiated policies deserve much more attention, urban ecological level should promote to higher quality according to local conditions especially its significant constraints.

Key words: eco-city, high quality development, the Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9